Writing for Academic Audiences
Average Reading Time: 17 Minutes
the difference between academic audiences and general audiences.
how to observe and understand the discourse community of a certain field
the characteristics of academic writing including
7.1 How to Write for Academic Audiences
It's All About Character
7.2 What Sets Academic Writing Apart?
|General Audience||vs.||Academic Audience|
|Short paragraphs||vs.||Long paragraphs|
|Engaging, friendly tone||vs.||Serious, academic tone|
|Logical progression/light referencing||vs.||Synthesized claims, heavy referencing|
|Clever wording to encourage insight||vs.||Clarity to avoid misunderstanding|
|Focus on practical application||vs.||Focus on knowledge and scientific advancement|
|Passionate writing with conviction||vs.||Objective writing with solid backing|
|Focus on narrative and relevance to audience||vs.||Focus on data, methods, and results|
|Most appeals are to emotions and authority/character||vs.||Most appeals are to logic and authority/character|
|Hyperlinks or endnotes for references||vs.||In-text citations and reference lists in APA format (or another style guide)|
Academic vs. General Audiences
Give an example of something you've read recently that was written for an academic audience (like a research article, lab report, scholarly book, etc.). Now explain at least three ways the academic text was different than something you've recently read that was written for a general audience (online newspaper, blog, Instagram, etc.).
7.3 Shortcuts in Academic Writing
Analyze, Approach, Area, Assess, Assume, Authority, Available, Benefit, Concept, Consist, Constitute, Context, Contract, Create, Data, Define, Derive, Distribute, Economy, Environment, Establish, Estimate, Evident, Export, Factor, Finance, Formula, Function, Identify, Income, Indicate, Individual, Interpret, Involve, Issue, Labor, Legal, Legislate, Major, Method, Occur, Percent, Period, Policy, Principle, Proceed, Process, Require, Research, Respond, Role, Section, Sector, Significant, Similar, Source, Specific, Structure, Theory, Vary
Academic Word List
Choose 3 words from the Academic Word List (above) and explain why you think they specifically are used much more frequently in academic texts than in general texts.
Can You Use "I" in Academic Writing?
7.4 A Word About This Textbook
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