AcknowledgementsWelcome to Hybrid-Flexible Course Design!Unit I. Hybrid-Flexible Course Design to Support Student-Directed Learning Paths1.1. Beginnings1.2. Costs and Benefits for Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs1.3. Values and Principles of Hybrid-Flexible Course Design1.4. Designing a Hybrid-Flexible CourseUnit II. Implementation and Adoption of Hybrid-Flexible Instruction2.1. Teaching a Hybrid-Flexible Course2.2. Learning in a Hybrid-Flexible Course2.3. Supporting Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs2.4. Expanding the Implementation of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs2.5. Evaluating the Impact of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and ProgramsUnit III. Hybrid-Flexible Implementations Around the World3.1. Fitting Flexibility Across the Curriculum3.2. One Size Fits None3.3. New Technologies Deliver on the Promise of HyFlex3.4. Using HyFlex in Statistics for Engineers and (Data) Scientists3.5. HyFlex in Northern Ontario3.6. HyFlex at Montana State University Billings3.7. A Faculty Transitional Journey from Single Mode to HyFlex Teaching3.8. Hyflex Learning within the Master of Teaching Program@KU Leuven3.9. Increasing Flexibility, Satisfaction, and Efficiency Using the Hybrid Flexible Approach3.10. A Modified Version of HyFlex3.11. Contribute Your Hybrid-Flexible StoryAppendicesAppendix A. Bibliography of Hybrid-Flexible Literature (using various terms)Appendix B. IndexAppendix C. Author AffiliationsAppendix D. Author Biographies
Appendix B

Index

Accessibility 8Administrator 24adoption 35alternative 15blended synchronous 27Blendflex 8diffusion 9equivalency 9FlexLearning 8grade 22Hybrid-Flexible 81HyFlex 474innovation 36outcome 43Peirce Fit 18reusability 5Schedule 35Student 586Workload 21

Accessibility

Values and Principles of Hybrid-Flexible Course Design

  1. The Accessibility Principle
  2. …r Choice, Equivalency, Reusability, and Accessibility, each with a corresponding…
  3. …r choice, equivalency, reusability, and Accessibility. (Beatty, 2007)
  4. Another key aspect of Accessibility is the need to make all course materials and…

Supporting Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. Supporting Accessibility with course materials. Another important aspect of stud…
  2. …al and policy requirements of technical Accessibility with course materials is n…

Fitting Flexibility Across the Curriculum

  1. …r choice, equivalency, reusability, and Accessibility to guide how we set about …

A Modified Version of HyFlex

  1. … classroom. Having this level of Accessibility, even from so far away, was encouraging.…

Administrator

Acknowledgements

  1. …e share it with your students, faculty, Administrators and others who may benefi…

Welcome to Hybrid-Flexible Course Design!

  1. … HyFlex approach by instructors and Administrators. Chapter 2.5 Evaluating the Impact…
  2. … instructors, designers, students and Administrators have experienced in a wide variety…

Beginnings

  1. … meant to students, faculty, and Administrators. (This policy took several years of…

Costs and Benefits for Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. Costs to Administrators/institution
  2. The bottom line value for most Administrators is supporting increased student success…
  3. … designers, and costs borne by Administrators at institutions choosing to implement…

Designing a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. … faculty and students, gathering Administrator support, and providing a baseline of…

Supporting Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. … it is included in this chapter because Administrators may be interested in esta…
  2. Even Administrators inject change through shifting expectations. Let’s conside…
  3. …ex designers, instructors and yes, even Administrators (!) should be prepared to…
  4. …ion to organization, and sometimes from Administrator to Administrator (departme…
  5. …. HyFlex is innovative enough that most Administrators aren’t likely to seriou…

Expanding the Implementation of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. …ization, some faculty (and students and Administrators) will not be willing or a…
  2. Resistant faculty or Administrators in programs that have adopted HyFlex complet…
  3. …ny monolithic broadcast messages (which Administrators love to send as emails to…
  4. …if students and other key stakeholders (Administrators, research funders, etc.) …
  5. …s initiating HyFlex in many courses, or Administrators in an institution moving …
  6. …ften the most “seasoned” faculty or Administrators. These people may have de…
  7. …ampuses, this will be a mix of faculty, Administrators and students. However, I …

Evaluating the Impact of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. … process will be interesting to Administrators and others interested in guiding an institution…
  2. … of view, this study provides Administrators and higher education faculty members with…
  3. … results, recommendations for Administrators, Faculty and instructional designers were…

New Technologies Deliver on the Promise of HyFlex

  1. …nt is a goal shared by both faculty and Administrators.  However, to-date the C…

adoption

Acknowledgements

  1. …sted by institutions considering HyFlex adoption have shaped the story in meanin…

Welcome to Hybrid-Flexible Course Design!

  1. Unit II: Implementation and adoption of Hybrid-Flexible Instruction
  2. … (or might) manage the expanding adoption of the HyFlex approach by instructors…

Costs and Benefits for Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. … programs grow and attract more adoption. Though every institution has their own…

Expanding the Implementation of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. …as quickly, because people in the other adoption groups have more invested in th…
  2. … it will be to adopt. Those considering adoption also rely on their peers for re…
  3. The adoption of an innovative practice within a social system begins with the in…
  4. …h a small sub-group of the larger early adoption group (for example, a specific …
  5. The bottom line for this adoption group is that they are not likely to change, a…
  6. …pecific programs or schools), expanding adoption is more likely.
  7. …that perfectly describes this group’s adoption timing.
  8. …ed in supporting or encouraging faculty adoption of HyFlex delivery, you’ll ne…
  9. …s to hand it off to someone in the next adoption group – the Early Adopters. I…
  10. …y to facilitate and leverage to support adoption.
  11. … innovation is going to continue on the adoption lifecycle it must move on to th…
  12. …ies to move forward into the next large adoption group, the “Early Majority.
  13. adoption Group
  14. Faculty in the majority segments of an adoption population are generally willing…
  15. Summarizing the Messages to Various adoption Groups
  16. Accelerate adoption: Communicate within and among Faculty Peer Groups
  17. Table 2. Summary of adoption Group Characteristic Applied to HyFlex Implementati…
  18. …, when working with faculty considering adoption, leverage the characteristics o…
  19. … of Innovation Adopters: The Technology adoption Lifecycle

Evaluating the Impact of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. … Some studies report on broader adoption efforts in entire programs, or in rare…

One Size Fits None

  1. … Canvas by Instructure institution. The adoption of the Canvas LMS and use of th…
  2. …g; despite knowing it would slow HyFlex adoption at the College. A well-designed…

New Technologies Deliver on the Promise of HyFlex

  1. Our adoption of HyFlex courses and technologies allowed us to help market the Un…
  2. …ine learning conference through current adoption status.
  3. …nitial discussions in support of HyFlex adoption involved the business college a…

Using HyFlex in Statistics for Engineers and (Data) Scientists

  1. VI. Students Like HyFlex but adoption Is Slow

HyFlex at Montana State University Billings

  1. …aphics of the university prompted early adoption of distance education. MSUB beg…

A Faculty Transitional Journey from Single Mode to HyFlex Teaching

  1. …ollowing ways may lead to its increased adoption.
  2. …gy available in the earlier years of my adoption, the online students could only…
  3. …of participation, there might be faster adoption. (Most LMS’s are designed pri…
  4. As I understand adoption, during the first round of HyFlex implementation in a p…

alternative

Beginnings

  1. … to providing convenience and alternatives to regional students. 

Costs and Benefits for Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. … better support students who need alternatives to one-size-fits-all instruction is…
  2. … opportunities, typically with no alternative. Clearly this is less than ideal, and…
  3. … equivalent in-class participation alternatives are “built-in”, continuously ready…

Values and Principles of Hybrid-Flexible Course Design

  1. …ll always be some inequity in access to alternative participation modes, much li…
  2. Provide meaningful alternative participation modes and enable students to choose…
  3. Clearly, alternative participation modes are not valid alternatives if students …
  4. All alternative participation modes should lead to equivalent learning. Providin…

Designing a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. … cases, additional content, or alternative content delivery methods must be used for…
  2. … techniques and tools effective in alternative modes (online synchronous and asynchronous,…

Learning in a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. When alternative learning paths are presented to students, and the students are …
  2. …ing experiences, it is very likely that alternative presentations of course cont…

Supporting Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. …ll always be some inequity in access to alternative participation modes, much li…
  2. …ay be much simpler to provide an online alternative for her rather than having t…

Using HyFlex in Statistics for Engineers and (Data) Scientists

  1. …SS staff members and I are looking into alternatives, but for now I am sticking …

blended synchronous

Beginnings

  1. … approach is a good example of the blended synchronous environment described below.
  2. … J. W., and Kenney, J. (2014). blended synchronous learning: A handbook for educators. Retrieved…
  3. … that is very much similar to the blended synchronous online format has been called Remote…
  4. … 2011, with the stated goal: “blended synchronous Learning (‘BlendSync’) Project sought…
  5. blended synchronous (Blendsync) learning developed as an approach combining classroom (onground)…
  6. … and implementation factors in blended synchronous learning environments: outcomes from a…

Teaching a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. …Lee, M. J. W., and Kenney, J. (2014). blended synchronous learning: A handbook…

Evaluating the Impact of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. 2017: Literature Review for blended synchronous Delivery at the Graduate Level
  2. … the Community of Inquiry in a blended synchronous Delivery Mode 
  3. Title: blended synchronous Delivery Mode in Graduate Programs: A Literature Review and Its…
  4. … implementing HyFlex courses in the blended synchronous format (aka. BSDM) is the in-depth…
  5. … this research suggest that in a blended synchronous delivery mode, face-to-face and students…
  6. … literature associated with a blended synchronous course format at the graduate level. Many…
  7. The blended synchronous delivery mode offers students flexibility to access educational opportunities.…
  8. … the community of inquiry in a blended synchronous delivery mode. To measure students’ perceptions…
  9. … conditions for the success of blended synchronous course delivery mode. For this purpose,…
  10. … essential to find out whether the blended synchronous delivery mode (BSDM) affects students’…
  11. … existing literature (in 2018) on the blended synchronous course format. Almost two dozen…
  12. … the Community of Inquiry in a blended synchronous Delivery Mode. Université de Sherbrooke…
  13. … Bateman, D. & Bédard, J. (2017). blended synchronous Delivery Mode in Graduate Programs:…

Hyflex Learning within the Master of Teaching Program@KU Leuven

  1. …d instructor’s experiences: Examining blended synchronous learning effects. Pr…
  2. …n Implementing Innovative Approaches to blended synchronous Learning. TechTrends…

Bibliography of Hybrid-Flexible Literature (using various terms)

  1. … the Community of Inquiry in a blended synchronous Delivery Mode. Université de Sherbrooke…
  2. … Bateman, D. & Bédard, J. (2017). blended synchronous Delivery Mode in Graduate Programs:…
  3. … J. W., and Kenney, J. (2014). blended synchronous learning: A handbook for educators.  Retrieved…
  4. … and implementation factors in blended synchronous environments: Outcomes from a cross-case…
  5. … (2014). Patterns and principles for blended synchronous learning: Engaging remote and face-to-face…

Blendflex

Beginnings

  1. Blendflex (2016)
  2. … Georgia Technical College (nd.). Blendflex Courses. Available from: https://www.centralgatech.edu/wp-content/uploads/pdfs/academics/online/BlendflexInfo.pdf
  3. … Introducing a New(-ish) Learning Mode: Blendflex/Hyflex. Inside Higher Ed (January…
  4. … 2017) According to Leiberman, the Blendflex mode allows face-to-face, synchronous…

New Technologies Deliver on the Promise of HyFlex

  1. … Introducing a new(-ish) learning mode: Blendflex/hyflex. Inside Higher Ed.Retri…

A Modified Version of HyFlex

  1. … Learning Strategies to Fit HyFlex/Blendflex Instruction.  https://edtechbooks.org/-raBE
  2. … Learning Strategies to Fit HyFlex/Blendflex Instruction. https://edtechbooks.org/-raBE

Bibliography of Hybrid-Flexible Literature (using various terms)

  1. … Introducing a new(-ish) learning mode: Blendflex/hyflex. Inside Higher Ed. Available…

diffusion

Expanding the Implementation of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. Table 1. Categories of diffusion Groups
  2. In typical efforts to further diffusion into an academic organization, some facu…
  3. Rogers’ Four Main Elements in the diffusion of Innovations process (2003)
  4. Rogers, E. M. (2003). diffusion of innovations. New York: Free Press.
  5. …ven so, they play a crucial role in the diffusion of innovation process. They ac…
  6. …phy. In the language used in innovation diffusion discussions, our initial facul…
  7. …aracterized by many of these typical “diffusion of innovations” elements, so…
  8. “diffusion is the process by which (1) an innovation (2) is communicated throu…

equivalency

Values and Principles of Hybrid-Flexible Course Design

  1. The equivalency Principle
  2. …our fundamental values: Learner Choice, equivalency, Reusability, and Accessibil…
  3. … its beginning in 2006: learner choice, equivalency, reusability, and accessibil…
  4. …nal practice and is probably unethical. equivalency does not imply equality, how…

Evaluating the Impact of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. … researchers were testing for equivalency in these measures among four student groups…

Fitting Flexibility Across the Curriculum

  1. …he HyFlex principles of learner choice, equivalency, reusability, and accessibil…

One Size Fits None

  1. …ether the credential is the high school equivalency, industry-based certificatio…

New Technologies Deliver on the Promise of HyFlex

  1. equivalency
  2. …21 we realize we need to better address equivalency and improve student-student …

FlexLearning

Beginnings

  1. FlexLearning (2012)
  2. … W. (2012). Strategic Plan on FlexLearning. The Pennsylvania State University Lehigh…
  3. That is what we are calling FlexLearning.” (2012, p. 13)
  4. … University (PSU-LV) launched the “FlexLearning” program. (McCluskey, Shaffer,…

Supporting Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. … plan for their approach, branded as “FlexLearning”.)
  2. …& Hove, K. W. (2012). Strategic Plan on FlexLearning. The Pennsylvania State Uni…

Bibliography of Hybrid-Flexible Literature (using various terms)

  1. … W. (2012). Strategic Plan on FlexLearning. The Pennsylvania State University Lehigh…
  2. … HyFlex Learning Community site, hyFlexLearning.org/bibliography - direct link: https://edtechbooks.org/-cazI

grade

Beginnings

  1. … corresponding performance factors (exam grades, self-reported perceptions,…

Costs and Benefits for Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. … Relationship of Class Attendance with grades and Student Characteristics. Review…
  2. … in some cases slightly higher grades. See Chapter 2.3. Supporting Hybrid-Flexible…
  3. … of class attendance on student grades found a strong relationship between class…

Teaching a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. …o that for classroom students. Formally graded demonstrations of learning (repor…
  2. …o that for classroom students. Formally graded demonstrations of learning (repor…

Learning in a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. …pation accounts for 10% of their course grade. The assignment complements additi…
  2. …ctor can have a negative impact on your grade.
  3. …m and choose to sacrifice part of their grade instead of complying (and sacrific…

Evaluating the Impact of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. … interest (retention, passing grade rate, GPA, time to graduation, etc.), some…
  2. … survey items; N=376) and student grades on three types of graded activity:…
  3. … overall learning and on individual grades. Furthermore, students greatly enjoyed…
  4. … modalities in the area of final grade average, statistical findings did reveal…

One Size Fits None

  1. …erent learning objects that satisfy one gradebook item was difficult in Blackboa…
  2. …provided an easier way to automatically grade multiple options for assignments…
  3. …ting HyFlex course design. In regard to grades earned and progressing through th…

Using HyFlex in Statistics for Engineers and (Data) Scientists

  1. … The toll this takes on instructors and graders is not minimal. More students en…

A Faculty Transitional Journey from Single Mode to HyFlex Teaching

  1. …structor to alter the view as needed. Upgraded audio with a superior quality sou…
  2. …the post initiation stage, technology upgrades that may be necessary can be an u…

Hyflex Learning within the Master of Teaching Program@KU Leuven

  1. … was that the participants were twelfth graders and that the remote experience w…

A Modified Version of HyFlex

  1. … worth 0 points in Canvas and graded as complete or incomplete for the online…
  2. … negative. After the course ended, grades were submitted, and students had graduated,…

Hybrid-Flexible

Acknowledgements

  1. …ook is an expression of my journey with Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design o…
  2. …this book in Chapter 2.2. Learning in a Hybrid-Flexible Course are contributions…
  3. …es as videos in Chapter 2.1. Teaching a Hybrid-Flexible Course.

Welcome to Hybrid-Flexible Course Design!

  1. … II: Implementation and Adoption of Hybrid-Flexible Instruction
  2. … explain the rationale for offering Hybrid-Flexible courses and programs, answering important…
  3. … explain how to build and deploy Hybrid-Flexible courses with specific focused discussions…
  4. Unit III: Hybrid-Flexible Implementations Around the World
  5. … direct experience implementing Hybrid-Flexible courses in their own unique context. Each…
  6. Unit I: Hybrid-Flexible Course Design to Support Student-Directed Learning Paths
  7. … methods, and case stories related to Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design so that they…
  8. … initial impetus for developing a Hybrid-Flexible approach is a very real need to serve…
  9. Hybrid-Flexible course designs - multi-modal courses which combine online and onground…

Unit I. Hybrid-Flexible Course Design to Support Student-Directed Learning Paths

  1. …ters explain the rationale for offering Hybrid-Flexible courses and programs, an…

Beginnings

  1. … Course Design Formats in the Hybrid-Flexible Genre
  2. The Origins of Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) Course Design
  3. The development of the Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design in the Instructional Technologies…
  4. … 2.5 Evaluating the Impact of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs.
  5. … this book, and in our work with Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course designs locally and internationally,…
  6. … perhaps even identical – to the Hybrid-Flexible approaches described in this book.…
  7. … term “comodal” to refer to Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) courses where the student experience…
  8. … fundamental way so they are not truly Hybrid-Flexible as we define the term. They are…
  9. … university students think about Hybrid-Flexible, or HyFlex courses?] Revue internationale…
  10. … 2.5. Evaluating the Impact of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs.
  11. … and institutions using the term Hybrid-Flexible or HyFlex; just as appropriately. See…
  12. … approach, and implementing their Hybrid-Flexible design programmatically. The Peirce…

Costs and Benefits for Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. When is implementing a Hybrid-Flexible course worth the cost?
  2. …  See Chapter 2.1. Teaching a Hybrid-Flexible Course for a more detailed exploration…
  3. In Chapter 1.4 Designing a Hybrid-Flexible Course, the initial design stage of conducting…
  4. … discipline. See Chapter 2.1. Teaching a Hybrid-Flexible Course for a more detailed exploration…
  5. … See Chapter 2.2. Learning in a Hybrid-Flexible Course for a more detailed exploration…
  6. … grades. See Chapter 2.3. Supporting Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs for a more detailed…
  7. … See Chapter 2.2. Learning in a Hybrid-Flexible Course for a more detailed exploration…
  8. … perhaps for your institution. The Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design supports student-directed…
  9. … broadly. See Chapter 2.3. Supporting Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs for a more…

Values and Principles of Hybrid-Flexible Course Design

  1. The Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design delivers a student-directed multi-mod…
  2. Fundamental Values in Hybrid-Flexible Design

Designing a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. … Chapter 1.2. Costs and Benefits for Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs provides more…
  2. A Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design enables a flexible participation policy for students,…

Unit II. Implementation and Adoption of Hybrid-Flexible Instruction

  1. …Unit II explain how to build and deploy Hybrid-Flexible courses with specific fo…

Teaching a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. …s well. (See Chapter 2.2. Learning in a Hybrid-Flexible Course for more about co…
  2. In Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) classes, students are typically given full control o…

Learning in a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. …n Chapter 2.5. Evaluating the Impact of Hybrid-Flexible Course and Programs.)…
  2. …e Chapter 2.5. Evaluating the Impact of Hybrid-Flexible Course and Programs and …
  3. …ts of the general student experience in Hybrid-Flexible courses; a more detailed…
  4. Hybrid-Flexible course implementations are started because there is are importan…

Supporting Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. …er 2.4. Expanding the Implementation of Hybrid-Flexible Courses within the Insti…
  2. … guidance, see Chapter 1.4. Designing a Hybrid-Flexible Course.)
  3. … very appropriate for systems embracing Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) courses. In HyF…
  4. …rars, etc.). In Chapters 2.1 Teaching a Hybrid-Flexible Course and 2.2. Learning…
  5. … Chapter 2.2. The Student Experience in Hybrid-Flexible Courses for a broader di…
  6. …See Chapter 1.2. Costs and Benefits for Hybrid-Flexible Course and Programs for …

Evaluating the Impact of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. … Managing Change: Implementing a Hybrid-Flexible type model in an institution
  2. … university students think about Hybrid-Flexible, or HyFlex courses?]  
  3. … thoroughly examined the use of Hybrid-Flexible course design in a large (N=159) undergraduate…
  4. … formats could also be called “Hybrid-Flexible” (if student choice on format from…
  5. The emergence of Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) instructional formats is relatively recent in…
  6. … there are many case studies of Hybrid-Flexible type implementations in the literature,…
  7. The Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) design model is a course design model that combines Hybrid…
  8. … paucity of research exists for the Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) instructional model. This…
  9. … more studies associated with Hybrid-Flexible Course Design, see Appendix A: Bibliography…
  10. … university students think about Hybrid-Flexible, or HyFlex courses?] Revue internationale…
  11. … as an additional label for a Hybrid-Flexible course format. Not surprisingly, one of…
  12. … explores student engagement in a Hybrid-Flexible environment from not only a learning…
  13. … academic research associated with Hybrid-Flexible design, including some articles associated…
  14. … often the same in essence as Hybrid-Flexible designs, though in some there is no substantial…

Unit III. Hybrid-Flexible Implementations Around the World

  1. … authors have all designed their own Hybrid-Flexible courses either as faculty or instructional…

Using HyFlex in Statistics for Engineers and (Data) Scientists

  1. …ss: Stats 412 is taught using a HyFlex (Hybrid-Flexible) model. This means that …
  2. …m, M. E. (2018b). Comparing the HyFlex (Hybrid-Flexible) Model of Course Deliver…
  3. …m, M. E. (2018a). Comparing the HyFlex (Hybrid-Flexible) Model of Course Deliver…
  4. …M. E. (2018c). Implementing the HyFlex (Hybrid-Flexible) Model of Course Deliver…
  5. … J.B. (2016). Investigating the HyFlex (Hybrid-Flexible) Model of Course Deliver…

Hyflex Learning within the Master of Teaching Program@KU Leuven

  1. Beatty, B. J. (2019). Hybrid-Flexible Course Design: Implementing student-dire…

A Modified Version of HyFlex

  1. … Work, we piloted a version of Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) courses, which we called Remote…
  2. Beatty, B. J. (2019). Hybrid-Flexible Course Design (1st ed.). EdTech Books. https://edtechbooks.org/hyflex

Contribute Your Hybrid-Flexible Story

  1. Hybrid-Flexible course designs have been used successfully for more than a decad…
  2. …case stories, and strategies related to Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design s…
  3. …ite a chapter on [YOUR INSTITUTION]’s Hybrid-Flexible (use your term if you ha…
  4. This book explains the principles of Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design, exp…

Bibliography of Hybrid-Flexible Literature (using various terms)

  1. … (2018). COMPARING THE HYFLEX (Hybrid-Flexible) MODEL OF COURSE DELIVERY IN AN INTRODUCTORY…
  2. … university students think about Hybrid-Flexible, or HyFlex courses?] Revue internationale…
  3. Beatty, B. J. (2019). Hybrid-Flexible Course Design: Implementing Student-Directed Hybrid…

HyFlex

Acknowledgements

  1. …ion of my journey with Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design over more than a d…
  2. …s who experienced the early versions of HyFlex course design I offer my eternal …
  3. …, or hosted by institutions considering HyFlex adoption have shaped the story in…

Welcome to Hybrid-Flexible Course Design!

  1. Welcome to the HyFlex World
  2. … story of the development of the HyFlex design emerging from the background of…
  3. … associated with learning in a HyFlex environment. Chapter 2.3 Supporting Hybrid-Flexible…
  4. … the fundamental principles of HyFlex design, explains a process for design and…
  5. … stories related to Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design so that they (you!)…
  6. … aspect, sometimes referring to HyFlex as delivering a “student-directed hybrid”…
  7. … State we call this design “HyFlex”; many campuses use this term and many…

Beginnings

  1. Solving our Problem: The Genesis of HyFlex
  2. The Origins of Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) Course Design
  3. … development of the Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design in the Instructional…
  4. … shares some aspects with classic HyFlex, though it seems that students were…
  5. “In a Hybrid Flexible (HyFlex) Class, students can choose to attend class either…
  6. … our work with Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course designs locally and internationally,…
  7. … that is essentially the same as HyFlex, though they have branded their approach…
  8. … portmanteau of hybrid and flexible: HyFlex.
  9. … that is essentially the same as HyFlex, though they have branded their approach…
  10. … interest in expanding the use of HyFlex, since for many emergency situations,…
  11. … one term), I embarked on the HyFlex journey by adding a simple (yet effective)…
  12. … that is essentially the same as HyFlex, though they have branded their approach…
  13. … Transitioning to an Online World: Using HyFlex Courses to Bridge the Gap. In…
  14. … options and control, is the same as HyFlex.
  15. … description) of Mode Neutral compared to HyFlex is the emphasis in Mode Neutral…
  16. … the same course sections, like HyFlex does, there doesn’t seem to be any intentional…
  17. With the growth of HyFlex at SF State beyond the original ITEC graduate program…
  18. … to refer to Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) courses where the student experience was…
  19. … that is essentially the same as HyFlex, though they have branded their approach…
  20. … that is essentially the same as HyFlex, though they have branded their approach…
  21. … that is essentially the same as HyFlex, though they have branded their approach…
  22. … that is essentially the same as HyFlex, though they have branded their approach…
  23. … that is essentially the same as HyFlex, though they have branded their approach…
  24. … that is essentially the same as HyFlex, though they have branded their approach…
  25. … share many characteristics with HyFlex, but all seem to differ in at least one…
  26. … think about hybrid-flexible, or HyFlex courses?] Revue internationale des technologies…
  27. “HyFlex courses are class sessions that allow students to choose whether…
  28. … participation mode much like HyFlex. Their report on the institutional change…
  29. … were reporting our work with the HyFlex course design, and others came afterward.…
  30. … (2006, October). Designing the HyFlex World- Hybrid, Flexible Classes for All…
  31. … surface additional needs for HyFlex or similar approaches that provide flexibility…
  32. … New(-ish) Learning Mode: Blendflex/HyFlex. Inside Higher Ed (January 24, 2018).…
  33. … that seems to be another form of HyFlex is called “Multi-Options”. As described…
  34. … similar – even identical – to HyFlex and others with significant differences…
  35. … reported in initial studies of HyFlex, the importance of high quality audio/video.…

Costs and Benefits for Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. What are the major benefits of HyFlex? Below I’ve listed several common and…
  2. … class is important, then the HyFlex approach may be an excellent choice.  
  3. … (especially when getting started) with HyFlex is the additional time it takes…
  4. … consider the positive nature of HyFlex, the design guidance helps your team…
  5. … a highly-valued benefit with HyFlex. In addition to the three listed above,…
  6. … a critical success factor for HyFlex students who choose online participation.…
  7. Before any effort to implement HyFlex is begun, whether for a single course or…
  8. … hybrid learning environment. In a HyFlex class, the instructor is challenged…
  9. … commuting. The primary benefit from HyFlex for students is usually reported…
  10. … major costs to those implementing HyFlex? Below I’ve listed several common…
  11. … institution. The Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design supports student-directed…
  12. … class of 49 students. With a HyFlex design, students have an amazing number…
  13. … may be even more important that HyFlex instruction obliterates common student…
  14. … student-directed approach like HyFlex worth it to you? And to your institution?…
  15. … an institution embarking on a HyFlex journey is the leadership’s willingness…
  16. … Paths for Three Weeks of Two Mode HyFlex

Values and Principles of Hybrid-Flexible Course Design

  1. Universal Principles for HyFlex Course Design: Four Pillars
  2. The HyFlex course design is built upon four fundamental values: Learner Choice, …
  3. The Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design delivers a student-directed multi-mod…
  4. The four HyFlex values have guided the development of the HyFlex approach at San…
  5. …Transitioning to an Online World: Using HyFlex Courses to Bridge the Gap. Procee…
  6. … one of the greatest challenges in the HyFlex approach.
  7. The primary reason a HyFlex course design should be considered is to give studen…

Designing a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. Understanding the “why” of your HyFlex implementation is critical, connecting…
  2. … your team to design an effective HyFlex course. 
  3. A Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design enables a flexible participation policy…
  4. … instructional objective. Note: In the HyFlex course, some activities may include…
  5. In a HyFlex course, the instructor provides instructional structure, content,…
  6. … be much less appropriate for HyFlex courses than those focused more on actual…
  7. Once the HyFlex implementation has run long enough to generate the required data,…
  8. The decision to adopt a HyFlex course design should consider the same factors…
  9. The challenges (costs) of HyFlex implementations impact a variety of stakeholders…
  10. … effective ROE analysis. Since the HyFlex course design has been selected to…
  11. In a HyFlex course, learning objectives should be the same for all students;…
  12. … at Step 1 of the recommended HyFlex design process, you should have a reliable…
  13. … for learning assessment in a HyFlex course are to 1) develop assessment skills…
  14. … consider the positive nature of HyFlex, your team must also assess the expected…

Teaching a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. … Voice: Supporting Instructors in Using HyFlex
  2. …rt or if any classes might benefit from HyFlex adaptation. Not all instructors t…
  3. …ice to students, positively identifying HyFlex classes in the Class Schedule or …
  4. “If you want to learn more about HyFlex or get hands-on experience organizing …
  5. …Transitioning to an Online World: Using HyFlex Courses to Bridge the Gap. Procee…
  6. …rly useful. One meta-practice that many HyFlex instructors use is to design acti…
  7. …gning up to be a TA and move a class to HyFlex is a way you can ‘act locally, …
  8. …f the four guiding values/principles of HyFlex is “Reusability: Utilize artifa…
  9. In a HyFlex course, both fully online and fully classroom-based instruction is p…
  10. …d to change in the classroom to support HyFlex students who are showing up for c…
  11. …Dalgarno, Lee, and Kenney, (2014)). In HyFlex classes, an instructor may be exp…
  12. In Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) classes, students are typically given full control o…
  13. The HyFlex instructor has to manage interactions with students in all modes of i…
  14. …oach at some institutions is to include HyFlex classes in these professional dev…
  15. …re time to faculty, either to develop a HyFlex course or to teach one? Or both? …
  16. …g with one of our faculty in creating a HyFlex version of his traditional classr…
  17. Based on my one experience providing HyFlex support to a part-time instructor, h…
  18. …roaches. Several things may change in a HyFlex environment, however. Since stude…
  19. …characterizes the faculty experience in HyFlex courses? The specific answer to t…
  20. …16; Dabbagh, Marra & Howland, 2018). In HyFlex classes, an instructor may be exp…
  21. …increase, to varying extent, due to the HyFlex course design and teaching both i…
  22. … development funds for developing a new HyFlex course or for teaching a HyFlex c…
  23. …challenge for someone starting out with HyFlex! (The significance of this challe…
  24. Several HyFlex faculty from San Francisco State University have provided short v…
  25. …, is very much the same in all modes of HyFlex instruction. Faculty with experie…

Learning in a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. …s to Students: Tips for Succeeding in a HyFlex Class 
  2. The Student Voice on HyFlex 
  3. More Student Reflections on their HyFlex Experience
  4. Brian Rayner: HyFlex Tips for Success
  5. …e ITEC MA program. Kate completed three HyFlex courses during her program of stu…
  6. …rogram at SF State. David completed one HyFlex courses during his program of stu…
  7. In an interactive HyFlex class, classroom students participate in weekly discuss…
  8. …ourage student reflective practice in a HyFlex course. The study we completed lo…
  9. …forded and may even be encouraged. In a HyFlex course, both online and classroom…
  10. In a HyFlex course, the online discussions are a primary means of connecting stu…
  11. … a summary of their perspectives of the HyFlex experience. Click each video to l…
  12. …dents to talk about her experience as a HyFlex student in several Instructional …
  13. …r other students just starting out in a HyFlex class, or considering enrolling i…
  14. In the HyFlex course design I’ve used, I design activities to connect online a…
  15. …rchived discussions from all modes of a HyFlex class represents a substantial am…
  16. One assignment commonly used in HyFlex courses both at the graduate and undergra…
  17. … you’re an instructor planning to use HyFlex delivery, be sure to try it yours…
  18. …arners need flexibility, and to me, the HyFlex process provides this, and should…
  19. … control goes increased responsibility. HyFlex delivery leads to increased stude…
  20. …acilitate, require) interaction? In the HyFlex courses I teach, the driver is us…
  21. …he ITEC MA program. Brian completed two HyFlex courses during his program of stu…
  22. …his topic: A potential advantage of the HyFlex course design over a purely bi-mo…
  23. In a HyFlex environment, you get the opportunity to choose whether to attend in …
  24. HyFlex supports this “less-centered” role for the instructor by providing mu…
  25. HyFlex, as it’s implemented at SFSU, lets an instructor store their materials …
  26. The HyFlex course format affords a lot of flexibility in how you manage your cou…

Supporting Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. Deciding to Launch HyFlex for an Institution
  2. Analyzing the Feasibility of HyFlex
  3. Defining HyFlex
  4. Some institutions implement HyFlex programs strategically with substantial high-…
  5. …especially more complex approaches like HyFlex, what support do they need?…
  6. In a HyFlex course, both fully online and fully classroom-based instruction shou…
  7. …re four main ways students register for HyFlex courses that most institutions us…
  8. …mmunity to support their development as HyFlex instructors, anyone can do this s…
  9. …icial description as way to standardize HyFlex instructional designs (course for…
  10. In a HyFlex course, both fully online and fully classroom-based instruction are …
  11. …ional resources to instructors teaching HyFlex classes. Four common supports are…
  12. …ring the value that you can expect from HyFlex is only one side of the analysis.…
  13. …ienced, unfortunately. In this way, the HyFlex experience is the same as any oth…
  14. …the primary distinguishing factor among HyFlex participation options is the way …
  15. …ns should be included in that document. HyFlex classes will use a course website…
  16. …ports do students need when beginning a HyFlex course experience? As with most, …
  17. “HyFlex courses are class sessions that allow students to choose whether to at…
  18. … common reasons for moving forward with HyFlex. (See the case reports in Unit II…
  19. … general set of resources, then perhaps HyFlex isn’t a good choice. The type o…
  20. …dministers develop some experience with HyFlex courses, their expectations may c…
  21. …p you decide if and how to proceed with HyFlex. Every situation will have its ow…
  22. … single course are offered and a single HyFlex instructor is available to teach …
  23. When the use of HyFlex courses in an institution grows beyond a single instructo…
  24. In a HyFlex course, both fully online and fully classroom-based instruction shou…
  25. …the past decade that we’ve been using HyFlex, we’ve seen remarkable shifts i…
  26. If you are considering using the HyFlex approach in courses or programs, you sho…
  27. …onal approach) allows, for example if a HyFlex delivery approach was used. Keep …
  28. …oth modes of participation. Because the HyFlex faculty isn’t giving up the tra…
  29. …dent support concerns ensuring that the HyFlex guiding principle of “Accessibi…
  30. …nt for those students with little or no HyFlex experience and those who have bee…
  31. …Note: This short story was written by a HyFlex faculty shortly after a weather-r…
  32. …uite a bit of change happens over time. HyFlex designers, instructors and yes, e…
  33. …rses in the class schedule available in HyFlex mode and what special arrangement…
  34. …ommunications are needed to explain the HyFlex format with participation flexibi…
  35. … for systems embracing Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) courses. In HyFlex classes, stud…
  36. … systems, policies, and practices, when HyFlex courses are brought into the curr…
  37. …s were canceled. Because I am using the HyFlex design in the courses I teach, al…
  38. …xibility that would be ideal to support HyFlex enrollment. On our campus, we use…
  39. …ortant considerations for administering HyFlex courses? As with the student and …
  40. …id courses, but may not include a fully HyFlex class). These requirements do not…
  41. In a HyFlex course, when both online and traditional students are engaged in the…
  42. …dency requirement enroll in one or more HyFlex classes at an institution. Intern…
  43. …lable and introduce the students to the HyFlex format. The primary disadvantage …
  44. What is a faculty to do? If you have a HyFlex class, you can simply require all …
  45. … the very beginning of the course. Many HyFlex courses are listed as traditional…
  46. …the principle of dynamic stability in a HyFlex environment; extremely challengin…
  47. Enrolling in a HyFlex class could present a problem if 1) the student has the op…
  48. …in offering courses and programs in the HyFlex mode is one that should be made c…

Expanding the Implementation of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. Expanding the Reach of HyFlex within the Faculty Social System
  2. … agent: Leverage the characteristics of HyFlex for specific contexts
  3. We’ve transitioned our program to HyFlex delivery because [state reasons – a…
  4. …doption Group Characteristic Applied to HyFlex Implementation
  5. …on, leverage the characteristics of the HyFlex approach itself. What are its cle…
  6. Note: I advocate the HyFlex delivery approach for faculty and students in cours…
  7. How does this apply to implementing a HyFlex course design in a program? Institu…
  8. …on to adopt an innovative practice like HyFlex would fall into the “First Adop…
  9. … help pragmatic faculty decide to adopt HyFlex delivery include:
  10. …t faculty in programs that have adopted HyFlex completely)
  11. The XXXX Department has been using HyFlex courses to [list the advantage they ar…
  12. … a fully online, fully staffed program. HyFlex courses can be an effective bridg…
  13. …istrators in programs that have adopted HyFlex completely. Not willing to change…
  14. …face to face students at the same time (HyFlex) in response to an immediate, uni…
  15. …lty in Departments using or considering HyFlex for one or more courses. Looking …
  16. When HyFlex works with an initial faculty or course, it is natural to look for a…
  17. …o various groups and describes possible HyFlex implementation contexts that may …
  18. … to adopt an innovation. In the case of HyFlex delivery, if students and other k…
  19. … them that I am not suggesting that the HyFlex delivery is right for all situati…
  20. … that was able to do both at once using HyFlex. If a program wants to alleviate …
  21. Faculty in programs initiating HyFlex in many courses, or administrators in an i…
  22. If HyFlex course delivery makes sense for a particular context, it usually begin…
  23. …aculty don’t really trust the idea of HyFlex – yet! Our continuing challenge…
  24. HyFlex Context
  25. …important as the good idea itself. When HyFlex delivery is applied in the right …
  26. We’ve been using HyFlex courses successfully in XXXX courses (or programs) and…
  27. …lly human social systems, and for most, HyFlex delivery is an innovative idea re…
  28. …aculty in Departments using/considering HyFlex for one or more courses)
  29. HyFlex courses can help you create an online program or serve online students by…
  30. …r delivery mode, though we do encourage HyFlex where practical, and all faculty …
  31. …all student success, and recognize that HyFlex courses may be a vehicle to do so…
  32. In the case of HyFlex, faculty members or members of the administration may play…
  33. …speak to them about online, hybrid, and HyFlex course delivery, members of this …
  34. …nnectors. If one of these faculty adopt HyFlex, the effect may be multiplied as …
  35. Applying this to HyFlex courses, identify the people in the early majority group…
  36. …and consider the possible advantages of HyFlex delivery. Visionary projects are …
  37. (Faculty in programs initiating HyFlex in many courses)

Evaluating the Impact of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. … Satisfaction between Traditional and HyFlex Delivery (Doctoral Dissertation)
  2. … First Generation Students in HyFlex Courses (Doctoral Dissertation)
  3. 2019: Student Perceptions of HyFlex Courses
  4. 2018: Student Engagement in a HyFlex Program (Master’s thesis)
  5. … Student Equity and Engagement in a HyFlex Course (Book chapter)
  6. … Student Equity and Engagement in a HyFlex Course.
  7. … Satisfaction and Learning Outcomes in a HyFlex Course: Do Delivery Modes Matter?
  8. … think about hybrid-flexible, or HyFlex courses?]  
  9. … those considering or implementing HyFlex courses in the blended synchronous…
  10. … article) support several emphases of HyFlex design discussed in Chapter 1.4.…
  11. … Student Equity and Engagement in a HyFlex Course. In C. Allan, C. Campbell,…
  12. … indicator and those between the HyFlex course type and the same factors. In…
  13. … readers adopting or considering HyFlex implementation at their institution.…
  14. … emergence of Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) instructional formats is relatively recent…
  15. … chapter (on the edtechbooks.org/HyFlex site) or contact me by other means.
  16. … effectiveness of a large undergraduate HyFlex course (N=439) as measured by…
  17. … Satisfaction Between Traditional and HyFlex Delivery Modalities
  18. The Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) design model is a course design model that combines…
  19. … offert sous le format comodal, ou HyFlex, peut être suivi en présentiel ou…
  20. … situation of the student, the access HyFlex education allows, possibilities…
  21. … Satisfaction and Learning Outcomes in a HyFlex Course: Do Delivery Modes Matter?.…
  22. … study investigated the use of HyFlex in a large (N=161) undergraduate statistics…
  23. … translation] A course offered in the HyFlex format can be followed face-to-face…
  24. … exists for the Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) instructional model. This model allows…
  25. … including the specific context of HyFlex courses (N courses = 903). The primary…
  26. … participation patterns – the HyFlex course. All students in this study were…
  27. … think about hybrid-flexible, or HyFlex courses?] Revue internationale des technologies…
  28. HyFlex courses are characterised by a mixture of online and face-to-face learning…
  29. … to report the results from a HyFlex course implementation (using the HyFlex
  30. … 16-week traditional and five-week HyFlex delivery modalities on student learning…
  31. This study reports the HyFlex course design used at two campuses of an Australian…
  32. … Satisfaction Between Traditional and HyFlex Delivery Modalities. Dissertation…
  33. … online). The rationale for using a HyFlex-type course was to “address the…
  34. … success of this institution’s HyFlex course program. This report provides…

Fitting Flexibility Across the Curriculum

  1. …the College’s knowledge of Beatty’s HyFlex model (EDUCAUSE, 2010).  While a…
  2. …). 7 things you should know about...the HyFlex course model. EDUCAUSE Learning I…

One Size Fits None

  1. Planning and Redesigning for HyFlex Delivery
  2. Figure 9. HyFlex Instructional Design Lesson
  3. Figure 1. Introductory module from HyFlex professional development course
  4. Figure 3. Sample content from Canvas HyFlex Community course
  5. Figure 4. Early version of HyFlex Lesson Planning Document
  6. Institutional Goals for HyFlex
  7. Figure 2. Partial notes handout for HyFlex Introductory Video
  8. Since HyFlex affords both types of instruction via flexible attendance, the HyFl…
  9. …ready in use at Delgado. The new model, HyFlex, solved several institutional cha…
  10. …owing video provides an Introduction to HyFlex presentation from 2015. (YouTube:…
  11. …ive near the campus. The data show that HyFlex course design is a good fit for D…
  12. … business courses are not advertised as HyFlex, lessons learned from the HyFlex
  13. …ree business instructors delivered four HyFlex courses:
  14. …the Louisiana Board of Regents to pilot HyFlex at Delgado. This grant provided c…
  15. HyFlex Faculty Tips:
  16. …ts of their learning environment). The HyFlex program enables an increase in en…
  17. The faculty involved in the HyFlex pilot were asked to think about the vision fo…
  18. …lish, started to plan implementation of HyFlex in their Summer 2019 courses. Thi…
  19. The first HyFlex modules were introduced to students near the end of the Fall 20…
  20. Faculty included a reference to the HyFlex delivery approach in the course sylla…
  21. HyFlex Room Use
  22. …aforementioned benefits of adopting the HyFlex course delivery model, we also an…
  23. …sful. External factors create barriers. HyFlex course design provides a solution…
  24. An initial HyFlex course lesson planning template was modified by an instruction…
  25. …The faculty planned to create an online HyFlex student orientation. To date, the…
  26. …olving needs of tomorrow’s workforce. HyFlex presents an opportunity to provid…
  27. …ster of 2014 to agree on our concept of HyFlex and how to implement it at our in…
  28. The student comments about their HyFlex teaching experience were:
  29. In summary, our HyFlex program is achieving college goals as demonstrated by the…
  30. …s the merits of adopting the use of the HyFlex delivery model for business cours…
  31. …course design and delivery shifted from HyFlex course delivery to incorporating …
  32. …e were provided to the faculty piloting HyFlex. Software such as Screencast-o-ma…
  33. …one communication class section piloted HyFlex. For the business management clas…
  34. … the team expected to see the impact of HyFlex delivery, is increased student en…
  35. …nts for transitioning hybrid courses to HyFlex. The lead instructional designer …
  36. …udents in the same physical space. The HyFlex program enables an increase in nu…
  37. …earlier in the chapter, when we piloted HyFlex we had just transitioned from bei…
  38. Figure 5. Example of HyFlex Lesson Planning Template
  39. …tivity over another. As stated earlier, HyFlex became a student-centered option …
  40. During our HyFlex pilot, 2014-2015, we limited the number of faculty participati…
  41. …tudent participation flexibility). The HyFlex program enables an increase in st…
  42. …n the event of a natural disaster. The HyFlex program enables business continui…
  43. …1% during the initial implementation of HyFlex with no increase in the enrollmen…
  44. The faculty comments about their HyFlex teaching experience were:
  45. HyFlex implementation varied due to the current course design and faculty teachi…
  46. …f online sections. They are considering HyFlex as a solution to an instructor sh…

New Technologies Deliver on the Promise of HyFlex

  1. Figure 4. The HyFlex FINC 321 Active Learning Classroom
  2. HyFlex FINC 321 Pedagogy
  3. Faculty Development for Online and HyFlex Learning
  4. Expansion of HyFlex to Other Programs
  5. Figure 1. Explanation of HyFlex Technologies: Video
  6. Initial HyFlex Technologies
  7. Student Satisfaction with HyFlex FINC 321
  8. … given the option of offering online or HyFlex courses in summer 2017. The premi…
  9. Efforts are still fragmented around how HyFlex is being applied to various progr…
  10. …e them for teaching blended, online and HyFlex courses. 
  11. …ng a new(-ish) learning mode: Blendflex/HyFlex. Inside Higher Ed.Retrieved from …
  12. …r the “development of a co-located or HyFlex course that allows students to pa…
  13. Our adoption of HyFlex courses and technologies allowed us to help market the Un…
  14. …rease enrollments rather than expanding HyFlex offerings while the SPED program …
  15. Our first official HyFlex offering involved a core summer undergraduate business…
  16. …ile STELAR has shared information about HyFlex in various university communicati…
  17. …e M.S. in Business Analytics program to HyFlex, but because enrollment in the on…
  18. …icating this model to the registrar and HyFlex classes were not correctly repres…
  19. Our development of HyFlex courses started in the Opus College of Business, where…
  20. …ege leadership supported and encouraged HyFlex delivery and paid the faculty gra…
  21. …y have fewer concerns with implementing HyFlex.  However, we need to continue t…
  22. …nchronous online option, as is true for HyFlex courses. 
  23. …y of St. Thomas offered its first fully HyFlex course during the summer of 2017,…
  24. …initiative, the university is expanding HyFlex course delivery and variations of…
  25. …al was simply to successfully deliver a HyFlex course for the first time with ap…
  26. The technology we use to support HyFlex delivery continues to evolve.  Technolo…
  27. Our HyFlex experience has been successful above and beyond our initial expectati…
  28. …er, we will focus on our first official HyFlex course, FINC 321, as it served as…
  29. …on issue was simply determining how our HyFlex model would be structured, and wh…
  30. The success of the HyFlex model in our pilot has garnered the attention of other…
  31. The initial discussions in support of HyFlex adoption involved the business coll…
  32. … journey from our initial offering of a HyFlex course as part of the Take St. Th…
  33. …e developed and offered FINC 321 in the HyFlex model of course delivery as a pro…
  34. …, the SPED program is adopting the full HyFlex version of course delivery as a w…

Using HyFlex in Statistics for Engineers and (Data) Scientists

  1. IV. Implementation of HyFlex at Michigan
  2. III. The HyFlex Model Comes to Michigan
  3. VII. Try HyFlex!
  4. II. How HyFlex Appeared on My Radar
  5. VI. Students Like HyFlex but Adoption Is Slow
  6. Implementation of HyFlex at UM would not be possible without the efforts of folk…
  7. …rson narrative. Jack has been using the HyFlex model since 2011 and tells the st…
  8. …tend Class: Stats 412 is taught using a HyFlex (hybrid-flexible) model. This mea…
  9. …nd what is expected of them in terms of HyFlex and with technology in general. A…
  10. … lecture halls. I successfully used the HyFlex model at OSU for the academic yea…
  11. …till, after experiencing the success of HyFlex in introductory statistics at OSU…
  12. …pus, etc.). In my eight years using the HyFlex model, there have been only two d…
  13. …and Baham, M. E. (2018b). Comparing the HyFlex (Hybrid-Flexible) Model of Course…
  14. Surprisingly, my model for HyFlex somewhat mirrors the models of others even tho…
  15. My journey with HyFlex began when OSU was planning to make its transition from q…
  16. …r students who mostly attend in person, HyFlex has allowed students to attend le…
  17. Since students really like the HyFlex opportunities they have at UM, certainly i…
  18. Since introducing HyFlex at UM, we have used several methods for live streaming …
  19. … a community of educators who offer the HyFlex model, and to ways in which toget…
  20. …tinually responded positively to having HyFlex available for Stats 412. The flex…
  21. …deal course in which to consider adding HyFlex in order to increase enrollment c…
  22. …and Baham, M. E. (2018a). Comparing the HyFlex (Hybrid-Flexible) Model of Course…
  23. Utilizing the HyFlex model in my statistics courses, both at OSU and at UM, has …
  24. HyFlex at the University of Michigan (UM) actually began at The Ohio State Unive…
  25. …important student outcome of the use of HyFlex at UM has been affective in natur…
  26. …iginal reasons that I started using the HyFlex model was so that I could teach m…
  27. One of the biggest challenges of the HyFlex model has nothing to do with HyFlex
  28. … Baham, M. E. (2018c). Implementing the HyFlex (Hybrid-Flexible) Model of Course…
  29. Because Stats 412 is not listed as “HyFlex” in the UM course catalog, studen…
  30. In Stats 412, HyFlex means that students can attend class in person or remotely …
  31. …ter, you are at least interested in the HyFlex model—that’s great! I think H…
  32. Miller, J.B. (2016). Investigating the HyFlex (Hybrid-Flexible) Model of Course …

HyFlex in Northern Ontario

  1. II. Why HyFlex?
  2. … during an exciting time: the launch of HyFlex delivery. As a new faculty, this …
  3. …. Check out the guidance they offer for HyFlex learning at the link found here […
  4. …m for those venturing into the world of HyFlex delivery. But it wasn’t just me…
  5. …quired practical application of skills. HyFlex learning is not meant as a univer…
  6. …eded to understand the logistics of how HyFlex delivery could occur. Cambrian ha…
  7. …d in the hallway as the majority of the HyFlex delivery classrooms. Finally, I c…
  8. In Dr. Beatty’s approach to HyFlex learning, he encourages participation acros…
  9. …t I managed to incorporate the topic of HyFlex into one of my research papers. S…
  10. …f a new program while also delving into HyFlex delivery and emerged unscathed 10…
  11. …eautiful destination for students. With HyFlex delivery it’s now a destination…
  12. … It is important to note, however, that HyFlex delivery does not imply that the …
  13. …e and support for others venturing into HyFlex delivery for the first time. I wi…
  14. I. Introduction: Setting the HyFlex Stage
  15. III. Housing HyFlex

HyFlex at Montana State University Billings

  1. MSUB’s Readiness for HyFlex Delivery
  2. Piloting HyFlex
  3. Lessons Learned from the HyFlex Pilot and Next Steps
  4. …ective: Sam Boerboom’s Reflections on HyFlex
  5. … several challenges to getting my first HyFlex course off the ground. First, I n…
  6. …basis for evaluating the possibility of HyFlex. The courses: BGEN 105: Introduct…
  7. …ightspace. I learned that when piloting HyFlex, an instructor committed to inten…
  8. …d be highly likely to enroll in another HyFlex class. Qualitative comments acros…
  9. …ne student in particular commented that HyFlex reduced her anxiety about being a…
  10. …ur team to meet with faculty who taught HyFlex courses for SFSU. This was incred…
  11. … part of the pilot, but had heard about HyFlex, began to announce they were offe…
  12. …r. Boerboom’s experience illustrates, HyFlex was a natural fit for MSUB: our s…
  13. …event that we first became aware of the HyFlex teaching format. At the conferenc…
  14. …ts in the class intuitively grasped how HyFlex worked after the first three week…
  15. …B highly motivated to adopt versions of HyFlex into their own courses.
  16. …arge issues emerged as we evaluated our HyFlex Pilot. Perhaps  most important i…
  17. …terested in being part of the launch of HyFlex in 2020. We are not sure what thi…
  18. Upon reflecting on my first HyFlex class, I determined that I would design the c…
  19. …x of us to investigate the potential of HyFlex for our University. Our scouting …
  20. …ion program assisted our exploration of HyFlex. Decisions about online staffing,…
  21. …8. The Faculty Association included the HyFlex pilot on its agenda, and it was i…
  22. I learned through piloting HyFlex that it is a nimble course delivery format tha…
  23. …vel to a conference to learn more about HyFlex. Unable to locate an upcoming con…

A Faculty Transitional Journey from Single Mode to HyFlex Teaching

  1. Why is HyFlex demanding?
  2. Why was HyFlex unique to me?
  3. Technology Sophistication and HyFlex Success
  4. Visual Appearance of a HyFlex Class Session at SF State
  5. HyFlex was unique to me because I needed to plan on running three parallel modal…
  6. HyFlex is a promising approach that promotes students’ autonomy and access to …
  7. My journey of using HyFlex in teaching graduate level courses began in Fall 2013…
  8. The reason I called using HyFlex approach demanding is because each modality req…
  9. … their experiences, especially with the HyFlex delivery. The students thoroughly…
  10. …ortant cautions for those considering a HyFlex approach in their courses.…
  11. In my version of HyFlex,  I do set a limit of maximum three asynchronous sessio…
  12. In my opinion, adopting HyFlex should be looked as as a long-term commitment and…
  13. …at are more conducive to implementing a HyFlex approach. The active learning spa…
  14. In promoting the use of HyFlex, supporting the faculty in the following ways may…
  15. Implementing a HyFlex approach is heavily dependent on an important resource key…
  16. In my six years of teaching using HyFlex (regularly in the earlier years and the…
  17. …and adoption, during the first round of HyFlex implementation in a program there…
  18. …development platform. Before teaching a HyFlex class, the faculty should be well…

Hyflex Learning within the Master of Teaching Program@KU Leuven

  1. Why HyFlex Learning@KU Leuven?
  2. Providing HyFlex Learning@KU Leuven
  3. …ning and blended forms in line with the HyFlex model presented by Beatty (2019).…
  4. … Retrieved from https://edtechbooks.org/HyFlex

A Modified Version of HyFlex

  1. … (n.d.). A hybrid approach to HyFlex teaching: Lessons learned from a two-year…
  2. … a version of Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) courses, which we called Remote Live Participation…
  3. … planning potential future RLP or HyFlex courses, we also see the value of applying…
  4. … Active Learning Strategies to Fit HyFlex/BlendFlex Instruction.  https://edtechbooks.org/-raBE
  5. … Books. https://edtechbooks.org/HyFlex
  6. … class afterwards, unlike many HyFlex courses. For this pilot, we needed students…
  7. … Active Learning Strategies to Fit HyFlex/BlendFlex Instruction. https://edtechbooks.org/-raBE

Contribute Your Hybrid-Flexible Story

  1. …en the initial impetus for developing a HyFlex approach is a very real need to s…
  2. …e book URL is  https://edtechbooks.org/HyFlex  and is published under a CC-BY …
  3. … strategies related to Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) course design so that they may m…
  4. …ains the principles of hybrid-flexible (HyFlex) course design, explains fundamen…

Bibliography of Hybrid-Flexible Literature (using various terms)

  1. Zemeckis, D. R. (2020). Offering a HyFlex Fisheries Science Course for Stakeholders…
  2. … Examination of Learning Outcomes in HyFlex Learning Environments. In J. Sanchez…
  3. … Baham, M. E. (2018). COMPARING THE HyFlex (HYBRID-FLEXIBLE) MODEL OF COURSE…
  4. … for Students with Choice: The HyFlex Course and Design Process. Peer-reviewed…
  5. … J. L. (2018). Case Study of HyFlex Course Design: Benefits and Challenges for…
  6. Wright, D. (2016). The HyFlex Course Design: A Case Study on Adult and Career…
  7. … (2019). Introducing Social Work to HyFlex Blended Learning: A Student-centered…
  8. … Writers, (2013, January 17). The HyFlex Learning Model: Online Ed’s Most Customizable…
  9. … Evaluation of the impact of the HyFlex learning model. International Journal…
  10. … new(-ish) learning mode: Blendflex/HyFlex. Inside Higher Ed. Available online: https://edtechbooks.org/-pww
  11. … physical and virtual spaces in a HyFlex pedagogic model with focus on interaction.…
  12. … and level of satisfaction in a HyFlex course. International Journal of Innovation…
  13. … Chavez, N., & Gutierrez, I. (2016). HyFlex, hybrid and flexible model for university…
  14. Beatty, B. (2012, April). HyFlex Course Design: The Advantages of Letting Students…
  15. … things you should know about the HyFlex course model. Retrieved 04/04/2016 from…
  16. … (2006, October) Designing the HyFlex World- Hybrid, Flexible Classes for All…
  17. … Learning for Adult Students: HyFlex Design. In M. Searson & M. Ochoa (Eds.), Proceedings…
  18. … think about hybrid-flexible, or HyFlex courses?] Revue internationale des technologies…
  19. … Practice Award: Using the “HyFlex” Course and Design Process. Retrieved…
  20. … Student Equity and Engagement in a HyFlex Course. In C. Allan, C. Campbell,…
  21. … Herrera-Diaz, L. E. (2014). El modelo HyFlex: Una propuesta de formación híbrida…
  22. … Satisfaction Between Traditional and HyFlex Delivery Modalities. Dissertation…
  23. … and Gutiérrez, I. M. (2016). HyFlex, hybrid and flexible model for university…
  24. Beatty, B. (2011, November). HyFlex Course Design: A Summary Report on Five Years…
  25. Beatty, B. (2008). HyFlex Delivery for US Army Counter Insurgency (COIN) Training…
  26. … Parra, J. L. (2018). Case Study of HyFlex Course Design: Benefits and Challenges…
  27. Abdelmalak, M. (March, 2013). HyFlex course design: A case study of an educational…
  28. … Opportunities for Graduate Students withHyFlex Course Design. International…
  29. … An Exploratory Case Study of a HyFlex Learning Environment. Northeastern University,…
  30. … Satisfaction and Learning Outcomes in a HyFlex Course: Do Delivery Modes Matter?.…
  31. … flexible participation – The HyFlex Course Design. In L. Kyei-Blankson and…
  32. … bibliography can be found at the HyFlex Learning Community site, HyFlexlearning.org/bibliography…
  33. … Diaz, L.E.H. (2014). El modelo HyFlex: Una propuesta de formación híbrida…
  34. … Physical and Virtual Spaces in a HyFlex Pedagogic Model with a Focus on Teacher…
  35. … online: https://edtechbooks.org/HyFlex/
  36. … Transitioning to an Online World: Using HyFlex Courses to Bridge the Gap. In…

innovation

Beginnings

  1. … https://teachonline.ca/pockets-innovation/lenseignement-comodal-dual-mode-teaching-business-administration-laval-university-quebec

Supporting Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. …. Powers of Two: Finding the Essence of innovation in Creative Pairs. Houghton M…

Expanding the Implementation of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. Figure 1. Categories of innovation Adopters: The Technology Adoption Lifecycle
  2. …ice consider the characteristics of the innovation, such as, 1) how well will it…
  3. …et many. As I’ve shared the HyFlex “innovation” at faculty meetings, gathe…
  4. … Four Main Elements in the Diffusion of innovations process (2003)
  5. …and find significant value in using the innovation to meet goals, alleviate sign…
  6. … to initiate (sponsor) and implement an innovation that makes a difference in so…
  7. …sm: A particular challenge in moving an innovation into this segment is that man…
  8. …couraging climate to support the HyFlex innovation.
  9. …nization, at least when it comes to the innovation being considered. Members of …
  10. Rogers, E. M. (2003). Diffusion of innovations. New York: Free Press.
  11. … waits until they see evidence that the innovation is likely to work for them, a…
  12. …play a crucial role in the diffusion of innovation process. They act as the eyes…
  13. …h their old ways than it is to adopt an innovation. In the case of Hyflex delive…
  14. …ge scale. Sometimes participates in the innovation to avoid being left behind.…
  15. …e or geography. In the language used in innovation diffusion discussions, our in…
  16. …n most social organizations to adopt an innovation is called the “Late Majorit…
  17. …y many of these typical “diffusion of innovations” elements, so understandin…
  18. Clearly, not every innovation makes it into or through this group of people. Rea…
  19. …dget, policy interpretation) to support innovation.
  20. …iffusion is the process by which (1) an innovation (2) is communicated through c…
  21. If an innovation is going to continue on the adoption lifecycle it must move on …

Fitting Flexibility Across the Curriculum

  1. …a pioneer of serving the adult learner, innovation has always run deep in the or…
  2. … changing higher education landscape.  innovation and institutional efficiency …

New Technologies Deliver on the Promise of HyFlex

  1. …than promoting this as an instructional innovation through funding faculty cours…
  2. …use technology to support instructional innovation and new attendance models. At…
  3. … interested in supporting instructional innovation and new course delivery model…

HyFlex in Northern Ontario

  1. …s the luxury of a Teaching and Learning innovation Hub (AKA The Hub) which was i…
  2. Teaching & Learning innovation Hub. (2019). Retrieved from https://edtechbooks.o…

Hyflex Learning within the Master of Teaching Program@KU Leuven

  1. …to meet bottom-up, practically oriented innovation goals. The LECTURE+ project[1…
  2. … received project support from Flanders innovation & Entrepreneurship (project n…

Bibliography of Hybrid-Flexible Literature (using various terms)

  1. … model. International Journal of innovation and Learning, 25(4), pp. 393-411.
  2. … course. International Journal of innovation and Learning 16(3), pp. 243-252.
  3. … (2015). Employing disruptive innovation in a nascent undergraduate health policy…

outcome

Beginnings

  1. … “… no differences in learning outcomes or completion rates between the different…
  2. … synchronous learning environments: outcomes from a cross-case analysis. Computers…

Costs and Benefits for Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. … The difference between student outcomes for online and face-to-face classes—measured…
  2. … perspective lead to different outcomes?

Designing a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. … Modify Expected Student Learning outcomes
  2. … 4: Prepare to Assess Learning outcomes
  3. … what are your student learning outcomes?
  4. Learning outcomes (goals) not only determine the selection of content, but also…
  5. … assessment of the same learning outcome be carried out with online students?…
  6. … National Institute for Learning outcomes Assessment. Available online: https://www.learningoutcomesassessment.org 
  7. … lead to be equivalent learning outcomes. No matter which participation format…
  8. In general, I’ve found outcomes that include an activity statement to be much…
  9. … writing effective student learning outcomes, see the resources provided by the…
  10. Assess Learning outcomes Worksheet
  11. … summarize, for each learning outcome:
  12. … to list the student learning outcomes; oftentimes instructors start with their…
  13. … be halted. (All three of these outcomes are quite possible.)
  14. To summarize, for each outcome/goal or major objective:
  15. … Modify Expected Student Learning outcomes Worksheet
  16. … established by the student learning outcomes are used to develop objectives,…
  17. Can these outcomes be met effectively in all provided student participation modes?

Supporting Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. …ccess that leads to equivalent learning outcomes. It may be that there will alwa…

Evaluating the Impact of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. … Students’ Satisfaction and Learning outcomes in a HyFlex Course: Do Delivery…
  2. … achievement of important learning outcomes. Especially when learning course content…
  3. … Student satisfaction and learning outcomes (i.e. academic performance) should…
  4. … Students’ Satisfaction and Learning outcomes in a HyFlex Course: Do Delivery…
  5. … to achieve the same learning outcomes. In this chapter, we report on the insights…
  6. … to achieve equivalent learning outcomes) and student engagement in the learning…
  7. … comparison of student learning outcomes and self-reported student satisfaction…

Fitting Flexibility Across the Curriculum

  1. …ekly table denoting the course learning outcomes for a given week and the assess…

One Size Fits None

  1. …ievement is mixed. However, anticipated outcomes for HyFlex course delivery  is…
  2. …nd 7. Faculty laid out student learning outcomes, the activities to be completed…

New Technologies Deliver on the Promise of HyFlex

  1. …e data related to comparison of student outcomes but the required IRB process fo…
  2. …tructor, course evaluations and student outcomes were approximately the same as …
  3. …proximately equivalent student learning outcomes while increasing summer term en…

Using HyFlex in Statistics for Engineers and (Data) Scientists

  1. By far the most important student outcome of the use of HyFlex at UM has been af…

HyFlex in Northern Ontario

  1. VI. The outcome
  2. …to confidently demonstrate the learning outcomes of the course. If an activity d…
  3. …onfidently acquire the desired learning outcomes. This would inevitably require …

Hyflex Learning within the Master of Teaching Program@KU Leuven

  1. …ties to try things out and evaluate the outcomes on the basis of evidence. To de…

Bibliography of Hybrid-Flexible Literature (using various terms)

  1. … (2010). An Examination of Learning outcomes in Hyflex Learning Environments.…
  2. … Students’ Satisfaction and Learning outcomes in a HyFlex Course: Do Delivery…
  3. … blended synchronous environments: outcomes from a cross-case analysis. Computers…

Peirce Fit

Beginnings

  1. Peirce Fit ® (2014)
  2. The Peirce Fit ® model was developed at Peirce College as a way to allow students…

Fitting Flexibility Across the Curriculum

  1. The Peirce Fit® model was conceived of and piloted before the College’s knowl…
  2. The implementation of Peirce Fit® across the College was not without challenge,…
  3. …to-week & lack of understanding of what Peirce Fit® is
  4. …, this College decided to implement the Peirce Fit® model with hopes to address…
  5. Lack of consistency in how Peirce Fit® is applied to instruction
  6. The College began implementing the Peirce Fit® model in Spring-Summer, 2014-201…
  7. Before Peirce Fit®, classes were offered exclusively online or on-campus for th…
  8. … to experiment, refine, and improve the Peirce Fit® model as part of the academ…
  9. The design of the Peirce Fit® model, originally termed FLEX, originated from th…
  10. …g 2014.  In this new model, now called Peirce Fit®, students choose, every wee…
  11. Balancing the requirements of Peirce Fit®
  12. … planned, documented, and executed, the Peirce Fit® model is, in fact, a living…
  13. …nd Executive Leadership Team identified Peirce Fit® as a strategic initiative, …
  14. Faculty Understanding of Peirce Fit®
  15. …  With a clearly articulated plan, the Peirce Fit® model was implemented in an…
  16. Faculty Understanding of Peirce Fit®

reusability

Values and Principles of Hybrid-Flexible Course Design

  1. The reusability Principle
  2. …al values: Learner Choice, Equivalency, reusability, and Accessibility, each wit…
  3. …g in 2006: learner choice, equivalency, reusability, and accessibility. (Beatty,…

Teaching a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. …iding values/principles of HyFlex is “reusability: Utilize artifacts from lear…

Fitting Flexibility Across the Curriculum

  1. …nciples of learner choice, equivalency, reusability, and accessibility to guide …

Schedule

Beginnings

  1. … fit” to meet their own personal Schedule and location needs. (Littlefield, 2014;…

Costs and Benefits for Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. … particular mode, students with Schedule conflicts, travel difficulties, or other…
  2. … have difficulty managing their Schedules to meet all the demands on their time:…
  3. … non-participation associated with Schedule conflicts, travel difficulties, and…

Teaching a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. …identifying HyFlex classes in the Class Schedule or program websites, calling ou…

Learning in a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. …er your personality in addition to your Schedule. Students who work well indepen…
  2. Set a Schedule, and stick to it. Because you don’t have a face-to-face meeting…
  3. … online education do so because of work Schedules that don’t permit for attend…
  4. …accommodate things that come up in your Schedule (events, illness, etc.) while s…
  5. Get on a Schedule that works for both. If you plan to go back and forth between …
  6. …hen faced with the demands of busy life Schedules. Here’s a solution, take you…
  7. …how you manage your coursework and your Schedule. You will find that classmates …
  8. …ding more convenient, more adaptable to Schedule needs, richer with more resourc…

Supporting Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. …r section. In this case, one section is Scheduled as traditional face to face (c…
  2. …bility to identify courses in the class Schedule available in HyFlex mode and wh…
  3. …s course materials during the regularly Scheduled class time. With a little sche…
  4. …n hour before our graduate courses were Scheduled to begin for that evening, all…
  5. …ters and that could support the student Schedule flexibility that would be ideal…
  6. …for an institution, 2) enabling student Schedule flexibility, 3) managing worklo…
  7. …y changes to the way a class section is Scheduled within the class scheduling sy…

Expanding the Implementation of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. … options to accommodate travel or other Schedule conflicts, or achieving meaning…
  2. … enroll in two or more courses that are Scheduled to meet at the same time, and …
  3. …ur students with more participation and Schedule flexibility, reviewable course …

One Size Fits None

  1. …al space, (2) creating a flexible class Schedule to support the needs of our par…
  2. …on options and the weekly participation Schedule, instructions regarding the HyF…
  3. … lecture-free. Face-to-face classes are Scheduled (1) Monday and Wednesday (2) T…
  4. …ed to designate the course in the class Schedule as a hybrid-delivered course an…
  5. … their class participation and personal Schedule.

New Technologies Deliver on the Promise of HyFlex

  1. …om two participation methods: regularly Scheduled in-person sessions or interact…

HyFlex at Montana State University Billings

  1. …e any other hybrid course in the course Schedule. MSUB was not able to generate …
  2. … him to see if he had any presentations Scheduled. He did not have anything on h…
  3. …red at times that fit into their packed Schedules. Students often mix and match …

A Faculty Transitional Journey from Single Mode to HyFlex Teaching

  1. … sparingly when they had an unavoidable Schedule conflict. In the external conte…

Hyflex Learning within the Master of Teaching Program@KU Leuven

  1. …in location better suits their personal Schedule.

A Modified Version of HyFlex

  1. … guest speaking into their busy Schedules. This also potentially benefitted the…

Student

Acknowledgements

  1. …er more than a decade, working with the Students and faculty at San Francisco St…
  2. …o help others find their way to provide Students with a better learning experien…
  3. … even started without our need to serve Students better in the Instructional Tec…

Welcome to Hybrid-Flexible Course Design!

  1. … approaches that support varied Student particpation modes, but don't meet our…
  2. … major stakeholders: faculty, Students, administration, and institution. These…
  3. … that instructors, designers, Students and administrators have experienced in…
  4. … own practice and better serve Students around the world.
  5. … Hybrid-Flexible Course Design to Support Student-Directed Learning Paths
  6. … serve both online and onground Students with a limited set of resources (time,…
  7. … and onground (classroom-based) Students - have been used successfully for more…

Beginnings

  1. … important institutional, faculty and Student factors. Institutional factors include…
  2. … HyFlex, though it seems that Students were NOT co-located (regional) so no flexing…
  3. … as “a framework for enabling Students in both face- to-face and online contexts…
  4. … Hybrid Flexible (HyFlex) Class, Students can choose to attend class either in…
  5. … instructional formats: online, hybrid (Student controlled), and flipped. Findings…
  6. … online, and 2) support ongoing Student choice (flexibility) among these learning…
  7. … needed to change to attract more Students and to provide more participation options…
  8. … in one and the same course. A Student may even choose to start to take a course…
  9. … approach to serving fully online Students without abandoning our current classroom…
  10. … of needing to serve regional Students with online and classroom options that…
  11. … project describing research on the Student experience in multi-site graduate…
  12. … and Program Design: Models for Student-Directed Hybrids. Paper and panel session…
  13. … combining online and classroom Students that they call “Flexibly Accessible…
  14. … approach that, at least as far as Student participation options and control,…
  15. … participation: Fully integrating online Students into residential classes via…
  16. … to transform teaching and help Students develop transformative leadership abilities.…
  17. … combining online and face-to-face Students in two course at Columbia University.…
  18. … understanding of what HyFlex meant to Students, faculty, and administrators.…
  19. … Quebec City, Canada that allows Students three options for participation: 1)…
  20. … that engage Higher Education Students and teachers in effective real-time learning…
  21. … combining classroom (onground) Students and online Students with synchronous…
  22. … nothing that seemed to provide the Student-directedness we wanted to provide.…
  23. … instructional model on attributes of Student success (Order No. 10935064). Available…
  24. … with the learning needs of the Students as the primary concern so as to allow…
  25. … flexible. [What do university Students think about hybrid-flexible, or HyFlex…
  26. “HyFlex courses are class sessions that allow Students to choose whether to…
  27. … of both on-campus and distance Students, a large team of faculty (39) and designers…
  28. … needs of our twenty-first century Students through a comprehensive initiative…
  29. … Hybrid, Flexible Classes for All Students. Paper presented at the Association…
  30. … that provide flexibility for Student participation. (See the case study chapters…
  31. … https://www.insidehighered.com/digital-learning/article/2018/01/24/blendflex-lets-Students-toggle-between-online-or-face-face …
  32. … teaching methodology that allows Students to choose the format in which they…
  33. … approaches to combining classroom Students and online Students; some very similar…
  34. … D. B., & DeBacco, K. (2011). Students’ experience of synchronous learning in…
  35. … Peirce College as a way to allow Students to choose between classroom and online…
  36. … combining online and classroom Students with Student choice (flexibility) to…
  37. … webconferencing and compares the Student experience in each.  Day and Verhaart…

Costs and Benefits for Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. The Value of a Student-Directed Hybrid
  2. … Learning Path Flexibilty for Students
  3. Benefits to Students
  4. Costs to Students
  5. … environments found that, “on average, Students in online learning conditions…
  6. … Class Attendance with grades and Student Characteristics. Review of Educational…
  7. If supporting Students in choosing their own "best fit" participation path through…
  8. … their ability to better support Students who need alternatives to one-size-fits-all…
  9. … greatest cost, or challenge, to Students is almost always the additional effort…
  10. … administrators is supporting increased Student success by providing more access…
  11. … hybrid course design is that the Student does not have the freedom to choose…
  12. It’s no surprise that Students consistently report they have difficulty managing…
  13. … possible paths (2^12) available to Students. If an instructor added in a second…
  14. … should we consider implementing a Student-directed approach to class participation…
  15. … (HyFlex) course design supports Student-directed learning in several important…
  16. … participation options to support Students' unique needs and preferences. It is…
  17. … all this effort into supporting Students’ directing their own hybrid learning…
  18. Is implementing a Student-directed approach like HyFlex worth it to you? And to…
  19. … realize the anticipated benefits to Students, faculty and institution broadly.…

Values and Principles of Hybrid-Flexible Course Design

  1. …xible (HyFlex) course design delivers a Student-directed multi-modal learning ex…
  2. …ive participation modes, much like some Students learn better verbally (listenin…
  3. … in an online-delivered form for online Students. Podcasts, video recordings, di…
  4. …ernative participation modes and enable Students to choose between participation…
  5. …ion modes are not valid alternatives if Students cannot effectively participate …
  6. … mode as “learning objects’ for all Students.                …
  7. …er choice” leads to goals such as, “Students will choose to participate in X…
  8. …g. Providing an alternative approach to Students which leads to inferior learnin…
  9. … design should be considered is to give Students a choice in how they complete c…
  10. …vities accessible to and usable for all Students. For example, audio or video re…
  11. Equip Students with technology skills and equitable access to all participation …

Designing a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. Step 3: Plan Student Learning Activities (Content and Interaction)
  2. … and Confirm or Modify Expected Student Learning Outcomes
  3. … through discussion of assessing Student learning, see Suskie (2018).
  4. … your approach to faculty and Students, gathering administrator support, and providing…
  5. What are your goals for Student learning? Or, what are your Student learning outcomes?
  6. … the educator 'do' to facilitate Student learning?"
  7. … specific statements about what the Students (or other participants) will ultimately…
  8. … assessment approaches for classroom Students as they would in a single-mode classroom-based…
  9. … flexible participation policy for Students, whereby Students may choose to attend…
  10. Suskie, L. A. (2018). Assessing Student learning: a common sense guide (3rd).…
  11. Plan Student Learning Activities (Content and Interaction)
  12. … each topic, and for each set of Students. In many cases, the exact same resources…
  13. … activities which you will use to help Students learn and meet the instructional…
  14. … activities to meet the needs of Students participating both in class and online.…
  15. … those focused more on actual Student learning. Outcomes that include instructional…
  16. … assess the extent to which your Students have achieved the intended learning…
  17. … support in writing effective Student learning outcomes, see the resources provided…
  18. … instructional activities that will help Students meet instructional objectives…
  19. … and mitigate the likelihood of, Student cheating. Using randomized questions…
  20. … learning environment for all Students in every participation mode. These steps…
  21. … team should be able to list the Student learning outcomes; oftentimes instructors…
  22. … and Confirm or Modify Expected Student Learning Outcomes Worksheet
  23. … objectives should be the same for all Students; specific instructional objectives…
  24. … course design may need to include Student satisfaction surveys apart from the…
  25. Assessing Student learning is a critical component of all complete instructional…
  26. … J. (2015). Using Evidence of Student Learning to Improve Higher Education. San…
  27. Flexible – Students may choose whether or not to attend face-to-face sessions…
  28. In order to plan Student learning activities, select content and develop interaction…
  29. … met effectively in all provided Student participation modes?

Unit II. Implementation and Adoption of Hybrid-Flexible Instruction

  1. …ectives of major stakeholders: faculty, Students, administration, and institutio…

Teaching a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. Student-Instructor Interaction
  2. Table 6.1 Examples of Student-Instructor Interaction in Varied Instructional Mod…
  3. The Student Assistant Voice: Supporting Instructors in Using Hyflex
  4. Instructor engages online Students during in-class discussion and group activiti…
  5. …maintain out-of-class interactions with Students who expect in-person support an…
  6. …e our courses need to meet the needs of Students who may be unable to attend cla…
  7. …ocal appreciation awards for service to Students, positively identifying HyFlex …
  8. Instructor addresses online Students similarly to in-class Students…
  9. Instructor acknowledges online Students in class recordings and in recorded mess…
  10. Feedback to Students during instructional activities is timely, accurate, and si…
  11. …supporting formative assessment for all Students that meet the specific needs of…
  12. … mode as “learning objects’ for all Students.” (See Chapter 1.2 for a full…
  13. When working with online Students, the challenge to instructors is translating t…
  14. …llenge for instructors is ensuring that Students are engaged in a single learnin…
  15. …sume instructors are skilled at teacher-Student interaction in the classroom env…
  16. …ons; collaborative activities involving Students and instructor
  17. … in time between the instructor and the Student. Oftentimes there is also geogra…
  18. …ange in the classroom to support HyFlex Students who are showing up for class in…
  19. Teaching fully online synchronous Students involves a set of tasks and skills th…
  20. In Hybrid-Flexible (HyFlex) classes, Students are typically given full control o…
  21. …tructor has to manage interactions with Students in all modes of instruction. It…
  22. … to provide informational resources for Students in all learning modes.
  23. …social cues being sent and read by both Students and the instructor as content i…
  24. …nt: Assessing learning for asynchronous Students is very similar to that for cla…
  25. …in a HyFlex environment, however. Since Students are free to choose their partic…
  26. Engagement: Students normally share video and audio from their remote location w…
  27. …ent: Assessing learning for synchronous Students may be identical to that for cl…
  28. …l learning environment, 2) workload, 3) Student-instructor interaction, and 4) a…
  29. Teaching fully online asynchronous Students involves a set of tasks and skills t…
  30. …n and teaching both in-class and online Students. First, developing the course p…
  31. … to those teaching increased numbers of Students in a HyFlex class if the enroll…
  32. … and materials acquired and deployed to Students, the faculty has to manage the …
  33. …, providing informational resources for Students in all learning modes. For inst…
  34. Assessing Student learning, in general, is very much the same in all modes of Hy…

Learning in a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. …d presentations all of which need every Student to be involved to the most effec…
  2. …nstructor by providing multiple ways of Student participation in course learning…
  3. …lassroom, but with an online window for Students who can’t come to class. Our …
  4. “As an MA/Ed ITEC Student who graduates this month, I’m feeling a sense of g…
  5. …s to teach both online and face to face Students in the same class. In many case…
  6. From Students to Students: Tips for Succeeding in a HyFlex Class …
  7. Connecting Students through Common Activities and Shared Experience
  8. The Student Voice on HyFlex 
  9. More Student Reflections on their HyFlex Experience
  10. …ussions: A Shared Experience to Connect Students
  11. Student Responsibility for Learning
  12. Discussions Drive Connections among Students
  13. Who is responsible for Student learning? Is it the teacher? University or school…
  14. The context: Students are required to post a reflection (essentially a journal e…
  15. …d Miles Rayner was a 2007-2008 graduate Student in the ITEC MA program at SF Sta…
  16. …rsonality in addition to your schedule. Students who work well independently, ma…
  17. …best friends. The same applies to those Students taking the course primarily onl…
  18. Here is a sample Student reflection comment about their course experience that r…
  19. … an interactive HyFlex class, classroom Students participate in weekly discussio…
  20. What do higher education Students write about when asked to reflect upon their l…
  21. …ly take place in an asynchronous forum. Students working online respond to a pre…
  22. Because all Students complete weekly reflection posts and because the assignment…
  23. …r new information has been presented to Students, they usually need an intermedi…
  24. … a defined body of content and requires Students to read lots of information and…
  25. …atly on the specific situation for each Student. Although this responsibility fo…
  26. …ethod of combining classroom and online Students that I have found effective is …
  27. When online Students are part of our synchronous class, they join in the live sm…
  28. …nments (often written papers) encourage Students to give, solicit and receive fe…
  29. …sions are a primary means of connecting Students who complete class activities o…
  30. A number of years ago, we asked several Students to provide us a summary of thei…
  31. …San Francisco State University graduate Students to talk about her experience as…
  32. We asked three of our Students to provide guidance for other Students just start…
  33. Many instructors ask Students to write reflection papers for each class or week …
  34. …ion environment for asynchronous online Students, since they can join in discuss…
  35. …f the class. If you’re a face-to-face Student opt for a class or two online or…
  36. …ivities to connect online and classroom Students in meaningful ways, in an effor…
  37. …al course content. In most discussions, Students bring up applications of concep…
  38. …a little different. Because many online Students participate on the weekend, the…
  39. …re going to be primarily a face-to-face Student make sure to use the online note…
  40. …enhances the social experience for many Students. Because the class makes use of…
  41. Are your Students ready for that?
  42. …everal important aspects of the general Student experience in Hybrid-Flexible co…
  43. …mester, we’ve found that about 90% of Students complete most or all of these a…
  44. …and low maintenance activity that draws Students together frequently and regular…
  45. …llenge is often integrating live online Students into the small group discussion…
  46. …rnative learning paths are presented to Students, and the Students are given con…
  47. … an interactive discussion requirement. Students use discussions in at least two…
  48. …-fold. First, the instructor wants each Student to reflect on and reveal somethi…
  49. …onsibility is by directing (dictating?) Student behavior in ways that they belie…
  50. …gn over a purely bi-modal course (where Students are either fully online or full…
  51. …Doyle, C. (2008). Power Up: A Practical Student’s Guide to Online Learning. Up…

Supporting Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. Enabling Student Scheduling Flexibility
  2. Aligning Support for Students and Faculty
  3. …a “Flex”: The Case of International Students
  4. Providing Support for Students
  5. Related to participation decisions Students must make is clearly identifying…
  6. …instruction are provided; in many cases Students are given the option to attend …
  7. Regrettably, some Students will not change their practice (even if they “appre…
  8. …HyFlex participation options is the way Students interact while learning, it mak…
  9. Once a class begins, some Students will need very specific guidance about how an…
  10. What supports do Students need when beginning a HyFlex course experience? As wit…
  11. …x courses are class sessions that allow Students to choose whether to attend cla…
  12. …e was not convenient or simple for some Students, but it was better than missing…
  13. As faculty, Students and administers develop some experience with HyFlex courses…
  14. … scheduled as fully online. This allows Students looking for either of these mod…
  15. …y (or polling) function. As faculty and Students begin using the survey function…
  16. … system across the institution, and for Students, faculty and staff.
  17. Another area of expectation change the Student digital experience. Even over the…
  18. … out the returns to the organization or Students aren’t worth the cost to the …
  19. …classroom-based course is limited to 35 Students because only 35 Students can fi…
  20. …content and interactive experiences for Students in both modes of participation.…
  21. … materials. Another important aspect of Student support concerns ensuring that t…
  22. … also useful to periodically remind all Students in a class of the overall parti…
  23. As explained above, Students need basic information about their participation op…
  24. Another general Student support needed is the ability to identify courses in the…
  25. One way to attract Students to both modes (online and face to face) is to split …
  26. …handouts in class and you expect online Students to access these as well (synch…
  27. …our locally-hosted LMS was off line, so Students couldn’t immediately access c…
  28. …le (HyFlex) courses. In HyFlex classes, Students are typically given full contro…
  29. …all I had to do was send an email to my Students telling them to complete their …
  30. …ive participation modes, much like some Students learn better verbally (listenin…
  31. …g parameters and that could support the Student schedule flexibility that would …
  32. …ministering HyFlex courses? As with the Student and faculty experience, the spec…
  33. … visa regulations require international Students to be enrolled full time (12 un…
  34. …ourse, when both online and traditional Students are engaged in the same learnin…
  35. The value to Students and others in being able to participate either online or i…
  36. …ience learning as an online (or hybrid) Student as they learn how to teach in th…
  37. …eetings (both for on-campus room and in Students’ academic schedules), these c…
  38. … class, you can simply require all your Students to meet online for that session…
  39. …expectations should be explained before Students enroll in a course if possible …
  40. … for, and acceptance of, uncertainty as Student participation mode changes from …
  41. …class could present a problem if 1) the Student has the option of completing all…

Expanding the Implementation of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. …yFlex delivery approach for faculty and Students in courses or disciplines where…
  2. …cademic organization, some faculty (and Students and administrators) will not be…
  3. …am? Institutions that have been serving Students with traditional classroom-base…
  4. …y to teach both online and face to face Students at the same time (HyFlex) in re…
  5. …er the average time to degree among our Students (especially undergraduates).…
  6. …ion. In the case of Hyflex delivery, if Students and other key stakeholders (adm…
  7. …x delivery is right for all situations (Students, content, program, and especial…
  8. …to alleviate scheduling bottlenecks for Students, show them evidence of how HyFl…
  9. …is fine for you, but I’d rather teach Students than computers any day.”…
  10. …ity to extend learning opportunities to Students participating remotely - in tim…
  11. …ional budgets, transparent and detailed Student success data, and growing studen…
  12. …g control of participation decisions to Students, requiring more instructional r…
  13. …reate an online program or serve online Students by leveraging the effective cla…
  14. …to increase graduation rates or overall Student success, and recognize that HyFl…
  15. …y recognize the need for his or her own Students to have more flexible attendanc…
  16. …be a mix of faculty, administrators and Students. However, I would argue that fa…
  17. …wn teaching, believe that most of their Students are learning effectively (or at…
  18. …are significant differences in content, Students, or delivery context between th…

Evaluating the Impact of Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. 2020: Comparing Student Learning and Satisfaction between Traditional and HyFlex…
  2. 2013: Student Performance in a Large Undergraduate Statistics Course
  3. 2015: Student Performance in a Large Undergraduate STEM Class
  4. 2016: Student Performance in Quantitative Graduate MBA Courses 
  5. 2015: First Generation Students in HyFlex Courses (Doctoral Dissertation)
  6. 2007: Student Participation in Small Graduate Seminar Classes 
  7. 2019: Student Perceptions of HyFlex Courses
  8. 2018: Student Perceptions of Community of Inquiry (Doctoral Dissertation)
  9. 2018: Student Engagement in a HyFlex Program (Master’s thesis)
  10. 2014: Student Performance in a Large Undergraduate Business Course
  11. 2019: Student Equity and Engagement in a HyFlex Course (Book chapter)
  12. Title: Challenges of Student Equity and Engagement in a HyFlex Course.
  13. Title: Academic Students’ Satisfaction and Learning Outcomes in a HyFlex Course:…
  14. Title: Student Choice, Instructor Flexibility: Moving Beyond the Blended Instructional…
  15. Title: Differences in Students’ Perceptions of the Community of Inquiry in…
  16. Title: Multimedia Students: Engaging across platforms. An Investigation of Student
  17. … flexible. [What do university Students think about hybrid-flexible, or HyFlex…
  18. … Inquiry into First Generation Students' Readiness for Distance Education.
  19. … that relatively few (28%) of Students ever changed participation mode during…
  20. … participants were largely male freshman Students. The authors state that their…
  21. … presence. Research reveals that Students who perceive all four presences to be…
  22. … which face-to-face and remote Students receive simultaneous and synchronous instruction.…
  23. … Wang, Z. (2019) Challenges of Student Equity and Engagement in a HyFlex Course.…
  24. … delivery mode, face-to-face and Students at a satellite site can have different…
  25. By looking at Student engagement in a media rich environment from an audience-…
  26. … the HyFlex course type supports Students more broadly (a wider range of Student
  27. … called “Hybrid-Flexible” (if Student choice on format from session to session…
  28. … (or other term) with their own Students at a single institution. Some studies…
  29. … classroom participation options for Students, the authors tell the story of Southern…
  30. … Risser, M. & Griffiths, R. (2013). Student Choice, Instructor Flexibility: Moving…
  31. … Inquiry into First Generation Students' Readiness for Distance Education. n.p.:…
  32. … as measured by self-reported Student satisfaction scores (measured with 15 likert-like…
  33. … Comparative Study of University Student Learning and Satisfaction Between Traditional…
  34. … synchronous delivery mode offers Students flexibility to access educational opportunities.…
  35. … in a Flexible way, such that Students can either attend face-to-face class sessions,…
  36. … to examine factors influencing Student engagement. Thereby, the matrix is tested,…
  37. … & Pascot, D. (2014). Academic Students’ Satisfaction and Learning Outcomes…
  38. … are challenged to provide all Students with equitable access to learning. While…
  39. … statistics course, comparing Student performance in one section of the course…
  40. … followed face-to-face or remotely by Students, which allows them to choose weekly…
  41. … instructional model. This model allows Students flexibility about how to participate…
  42. This thesis investigates Student engagement in the Media and Communication Programme…
  43. … differences in face-to-face and online Students’ perceptions of the community…
  44. … primary measure used to assess Student readiness was the SmarterMeasure™ Student
  45. … study time, and motivation on Student exam performance. Generalized least squares…
  46. … Vanderbeke, J. (2018). Multimedia Students: Engaging across platforms. An Investigation…
  47. … is an achievement gap between Students taking courses exclusively offered online…
  48. … question revealed that face-to-face Students felt more motivated to explore content-related…
  49. … course design encouraging flexible Student participation patterns – the HyFlex…
  50. … flexible. [What do university Students think about hybrid-flexible, or HyFlex…
  51. … learning components. In particular, Students are allowed to choose to complete…
  52. … aspects of HyFlex, understanding Student participation patterns when Students…
  53. … self-reported perceptions of 311 Students enrolled in multiple courses within…
  54. … Hyflex delivery modalities on Student learning and satisfaction within undergraduate…
  55. This study explores Student engagement in a Hybrid-Flexible environment from not…
  56. … practices implemented to assure Student equity (given the opportunity to achieve…
  57. … Comparative Study of University Student Learning and Satisfaction Between Traditional…
  58. … purposive sample of eighty-one Students from fifteen undergraduate courses, offered…
  59. … delivery mode (BSDM) affects Students’ perceptions of the CoI. This research…
  60. This study examined the Student success in an MBA Management Sciences and Statistics…
  61. … study presents a comparison of Student learning outcomes and self-reported Student
  62. First Generation Students (FGS) enrollment in post-secondary universities and…
  63. … is no substantial flexibility (Students may not have the freedom to choose participation…
  64. … A. M. (2018). Differences in Students’ Perceptions of the Community of Inquiry…

Fitting Flexibility Across the Curriculum

  1. …lty set expectations for both groups of Students within a single course.  Early…
  2. … relatively small as a result of giving Students an option for delivery mode. Th…
  3. Student choice is important for adult learners
  4. …ssroom management strategies, perceived Student perceptions, and needed support.…
  5. Offers Students a plan to avoid absenteeism
  6. Students not changing from week-to-week & lack of understanding of what Peirce F…
  7. …ion is delivered at this College.  For Students, the model would provide flexib…
  8. Desire for Students to attend at least the first class on campus
  9. …ential, Mid-Atlantic urban institution. Student demographics are as follows: 80%…
  10. Students using cell phones for assignments
  11. …of in-person attendance as a barrier to Student retention in a single course.  …
  12. …has been a positive experience for both Students and faculty in the Peirce Fit®…
  13. … Communications, Instruction, Faculty & Student Support, and Assessment.  The I…
  14. …his new model, now called Peirce Fit®, Students choose, every week, whether to …
  15. …elivery methods as a way of meeting the Students where they are and providing op…
  16. Student expectations
  17. …prove instruction and opportunities for Students. 
  18. …rsistence, attendance, and the need for Students to maximize financial aid in re…
  19. …nstructional design specialist, and the Student learning assessment specialist.
  20. …he flexibility Peirce Fit® affords our Students. 

One Size Fits None

  1. Improved Student success
  2. Serving more Students
  3. …he HyFlex approach should enable higher Student retention and completion than …
  4. …eeds of our part- and full-time working Students and for ‘life happens’ mome…
  5. Number of Students served = 50 Students
  6. By Fall 2018, 68% of our Student population was female, the average age of our s…
  7. Helms, J. (2014). Comparing Student Performance in Online and Face-to-face Deliv…
  8. …ided by the HyFlex design in support of Student success. College-wide, there is …
  9. Number of Students served = 25 Students
  10. …ess of Fully Online Courses for College Students: Response to a Department of Ed…
  11. Goal 3: Increase Student enrollment (by appealing to Students’ desire to contr…
  12. …e merits of each delivery mode, and how Students benefit most from each learning…
  13. …first HyFlex modules were introduced to Students near the end of the Fall 2015 t…
  14. … faculty developed several handouts for Students. The handouts explained the HyF…
  15. …odel, we also anticipated that improved Student success (retention, progression …
  16. …and management classes, 21 (72%) of the Students attended the class online inste…
  17. …culty communicated the course design to Students in various formats as seen in F…
  18. …ine, F2F, and hybrid options per term. Students may also register for 8-week te…
  19. …rm and throughout, the faculty met with Students to demonstrate how the online p…
  20. …echnical colleges in Louisiana provides Students with the opportunity to earn cr…
  21. The Student comments about their HyFlex teaching experience were:
  22. …ur institution hybrid delivery requires Students to attend one day face-to-face …
  23. Total Students
  24. …ed or desired. We know that reasons for Students not completing courses are prim…
  25. …impact of HyFlex delivery, is increased Student enrollment over time. Often, onl…
  26. Goal 1: Serve more Students in the same physical space. The HyFlex program enab…
  27. …ered course and explain to the enrolled Students the course participation option…
  28. Goal 2: Increase Student retention (by providing Student participation flexibili…
  29. In addition to Student satisfaction with the format, the number of Students capa…
  30. …s a lab and focused on concrete skills. Students used guides, videos, and checkl…
  31. … solution to an instructor shortage and Student preference for online. The Crimi…

New Technologies Deliver on the Promise of HyFlex

  1. 2018 FINC 321 Student Survey Results
  2. Figure 7. Student Satisfaction
  3. Student Satisfaction with HyFlex FINC 321
  4. …nrollment in those courses was growing, Student enrollment in on-campus undergra…
  5. …l the classroom pedagogy which required Students to verbally support their posit…
  6. …co-located or hyflex course that allows Students to participate on-campus or rem…
  7. Increasing Student enrollment is a goal shared by both faculty and administrator…
  8. … undergraduate business course in which Students could choose to participate in …
  9. … for participation points, asynchronous Students were required to create a short…
  10. …y described the model.  Interestingly, Student enrollment in the online section…
  11. …on-campus and Zoom (synchronous online) Students engage with each other and the …
  12. …ourse type category called HyFlexin our Student information system that more acc…
  13. …e Course and Program Design: Models for Student-Directed Hybrids,” and liked h…
  14. One to two Students were paid to assist during each class period, helping with s…
  15. …hes were few with more than half of the Students reporting no glitches and only …
  16. …lect more data related to comparison of Student outcomes but the required IRB pr…
  17. … per instructor, course evaluations and Student outcomes were approximately the …
  18. …irst time with approximately equivalent Student learning outcomes while increasi…
  19. … better address equivalency and improve Student-Student interaction in the async…
  20. …tructor can deliver a course that meets Students where they are and how they lea…
  21. … instruction were considered useful and Students felt they learned as much or mo…
  22. …y point (last day of class) and not all Students liked using the catch box for a…
  23. …t supported traditional classroom-based Student participation as well as equival…
  24. The majority of Students reported participating asynchronously online and this w…
  25. …adjunct contracts, while still honoring Student learning preferences.  The grad…

Using HyFlex in Statistics for Engineers and (Data) Scientists

  1. VI. Students Like HyFlex but Adoption Is Slow
  2. …d the backchannel, it is important that Students understand what is expected of …
  3. …a premium. My thought was that allowing Students to attend synchronously in pers…
  4. …duced HyFlex in a very large (1500-1800 Students per semester) introductory stat…
  5. …nology to stream to the majority of our Students, it is difficult—if not impos…
  6. …want the recordings to be available for Students for many reasons, including for…
  7. …explain it is that I need at least some Students to be with me in person so that…
  8. …oposed “Semester Conversion: Too Many Students, Too Little Time” for a $10,0…
  9. Regardless of how many Students choose each attendance modality, the in-person l…
  10. Additionally, for Students who mostly attend in person, HyFlex has allowed stude…
  11. Since Students really like the HyFlex opportunities they have at UM, certainly i…
  12. …verywhere in the past few years was the Students’ ability to see and answer ea…
  13. The details given to the Students for the Winter (known elsewhere as Spring) 201…
  14. …it. During the 2018-2019 academic year, Students were offered two options for st…
  15. … provide the best opportunities for our Students.
  16. …rial. After watching the recording, one Student inquired about having recordings…
  17. …ddition to my personal affective gains, Students at UM have continually responde…
  18. …rse has a Calculus 3 pre-/co-requisite. Students in Stats 412 come from both the…
  19. The backchannel allows Students attending remotely to ask me questions during le…
  20. …, M.D., and Griffiths, R.P. (May 2013). Student Choice, Instructor Flexibility: …
  21. … in this chapter, Stats 412 is taken by Students primarily enrolled in both the …
  22. …lex techniques, I am able to provide my Students with continuous choice of class…
  23. …ble options to meet the requirements of Students trying to graduate in impacted …
  24. By far the most important Student outcome of the use of HyFlex at UM has been af…
  25. …ex model was so that I could teach more Students without taking up more physical…
  26. … Z., and Albert, M. (2019). Analysis of Student Use of Video in a Flipped Classr…
  27. …ice ended after the Fall 2017 term when Student synchronous (in-person or live s…
  28. … “HyFlex” in the UM course catalog, Students who may be unaware of the HyFle…
  29. In Stats 412, HyFlex means that Students can attend class in person or remotely …
  30. …HyFlex is an excellent way to offer our Students choice and flexibility in their…

HyFlex in Northern Ontario

  1. It was a rewarding challenge as some Students came into the program without any …
  2. …ambrian’s strategic goal: putting the Student first. From a pedagogical perspe…
  3. … in a couple of ways. In one assignment Students were required to chair a coordi…
  4. …ng my goals for the inaugural cohort of Students, I needed to understand the log…
  5. …evidence of success. Firstly, of the 21 Students of the inaugural cohort, all 21…
  6. …b added a Zoom plugin that allowed both Students and faculty to access the virtu…
  7. …rooms. Finally, I created tutorials for Students using a screen recording platfo…
  8. … creates opportunities for face-to-face Students to interact with asynchronous o…
  9. …-research driven HyFlex project, 88% of Students had consensus that the ability …
  10. …ing of the interaction for asynchronous Students. If you rely on a discussion b…
  11. …, making it a beautiful destination for Students. With HyFlex delivery it’s no…
  12. …t I didn’t need much convincing. As a Student myself, I can attest that having…
  13. Asynchronous Students
  14. … to mentor, all while continuing to put Students first.
  15. …r can be especially demoralizing to the Student, with one Student who experience…

HyFlex at Montana State University Billings

  1. …istrative associate to communicate with Students about how to register for my Hy…
  2. …: Media Criticism, serve very different Student populations. The Introduction to…
  3. …learned quickly that communication with Students about their participation optio…
  4. …lty who participated in the pilot asked Students to complete a survey on their e…
  5. Student feedback was overwhelmingly positive. The online-only Students appreciat…
  6. …ine is that it’s important to provide Students with a consistent experience wi…
  7. …ersity Billings) The average age of our Students is 24.6, and many Students enro…
  8. … HyFlex was a natural fit for MSUB: our Student demographics, faculty experience…
  9. …f hybrid design. Despite the intriguing Student-centered possibilities of HyFlex…
  10. Once my Students got used to how the course looked different from on-campus or h…
  11. …sure that we can clearly communicate to Students what HyFlex means for them. The…
  12. Student demand for online course sections is high, and academic departments stru…
  13. …ould allow both my on-campus and online Students to interact more with one anoth…
  14. …s in the city.  Fifty-seven percent of Students enrolled in the university are …
  15. …ions were well-designed so as to ensure Student success and retention. As a resu…
  16. …ourse delivery format that accommodates Students managing several obligations. H…
  17. … and partly out of necessity to fulfill Student demand. A minority of faculty ha…

A Faculty Transitional Journey from Single Mode to HyFlex Teaching

  1. Painting a Picture of Student Experience based on Anecdotal Information
  2. …rse, i.e., 1) first, face to face (F2F) Students in the physical classroom, 2) s…
  3. …x is a promising approach that promotes Students’ autonomy and access to educa…
  4. …rses to serve both classroom and online Students since 2006, and many courses an…
  5. …aterials that would fulfill the need of Students selecting that modality, and co…
  6. I constantly seek Students’ feedback to learn about their experiences, especia…
  7. …ontrol measures. I wanted to discourage Students from using asynchronous modalit…
  8. …rm commitment and not a quick fix for a Student attendance problem. A systematic…
  9. …ned to allow collaborative work between Students aided by large SMART TV monitor…
  10. …ector mirrors the desktop screen to the Students in the classroom and at the sam…
  11. …other useful function would be tracking Students’ modality selection and perfo…
  12. …out the new opportunities available for Students (and even faculty). However, as…
  13. …rs, I noticed that approximately 50% of Students would stay consistent in using …

Hyflex Learning within the Master of Teaching Program@KU Leuven

  1. Impacts on Students and Teachers
  2. Students’ Experiences
  3. …EDU, maximum flexibility is provided to Students. As EDU is part of an extensive…
  4. …organize formative assessments to check Students’ understanding. Yet, interact…
  5. …: “I thought that teaching to virtual Students would have been very artificial…
  6. … on the experiences of the teachers and Students who used the hybrid virtual cla…
  7. Benefits for Students
  8. …ch makes the program more accessible to Students who are combining work and educ…
  9. …easily interact with on-site and remote Students by asking oral questions or lau…
  10. …lassrooms’ is connecting both on-site Students and individual remote Students …
  11. …participants in our experimental study, Students in the context of the teacher t…
  12. Seeing the remote Students as good as the on-site Students is expressed by every…
  13. …virtual classroom in which both on-site Students and remote Students can follow …
  14. …. Many studies state that 1) for remote Students the learning experience is stil…
  15. …mpuses and institutions are open to all Students, independently from which progr…
  16. …age that the teacher can see the remote Students, one teacher indicated that she…
  17. …e solution easy to use for teachers and Students, supporting natural teaching an…
  18. Students mentioned the following actions as the most effective to guarantee and …
  19. …4). A Comparison of online/face-to-face Students’ and instructor’s experienc…
  20. …m includes improved software to connect Students and the teacher to make spontan…
  21. In the EDU program, Students have the flexibility to choose the specific campus …
  22. …ve attention to both on-site and remote Students, managing the new technology an…
  23. Teachers told us that some Students were very skeptical about the new format of …
  24. Yet, we should acknowledge that the Student’s belief was reasonable as many st…
  25. …id-Flexible Course Design: Implementing Student-directed hybrid classes (1st ed…
  26. … wondered how they were visible for the Students. The nice thing about the syste…
  27. … the ‘Share Button’, every (remote) Student is able to share his/her screen.…
  28. …y of the main benefits for teachers and Students
  29. Figure 4 (below) displays what remote Students see when participating in a sessi…
  30. …hots from the perspective of the remote Student participating in sessions giving…
  31. … interaction are highly appreciated and Students indicate that teachers should e…
  32. … virtual classroom: An investigation of Students’ engagement and the effect of…
  33. …t results in courses with participating Students spread over Flanders. Several t…

A Modified Version of HyFlex

  1. XI. Feedback From the Students
  2. … pilot, including feedback from the Students and another instructor involved in…
  3. … both the online and residential Students.  Before the semester began, to ensure…
  4. … Feedback from online and residential Students in year two of the RLP pilot
  5. … instructor, associate (TA), and Students
  6. … example, during our pilot, online Students enrolled in the course with the expectation…
  7. … potentially benefitted the online Students who could enjoy the dynamic of having…
  8. Throughout the course, Students completed a combination of asynchronous and synchronous…
  9. Residential Students
  10. … Verdooner, 2020). We wanted every Student to be included when drafting the agreements…
  11. … and events that include online Students.
  12. Mobile devices to lend to Students for use during breakouts rather than requiring…
  13. Residential Student feedback
  14. … engage both online and residential Students equitably, we intentionally paired…
  15. … create the sense that the online Students were integral members of the class,…
  16. … (2018, November 16). Can online Students be fully integrated into residential…
  17. … to the online and residential Students who participated in these pilots, the…
  18. … mobile devices and the online Students’ devices (Table 1).
  19. … Dear Professors: Don’t let Student webcams trick you: Instructors who teach…
  20. … of an example of where online Students could access the in-class materials in…
  21. … of instructions for how online Students submitted in-class handouts in the Canvas…
  22. … advice do you have for future Students and instructional teams in RLP courses?
  23. … about the course content and Student interests, and guidance on how to prepare…
  24. … residential classrooms and enable Students to avoid coming to campus when feeling…
  25. … (2018b, April 11). Can online Students fully participate in on-campus courses?…
  26. … in order to meet an identified Student need, and it was fun to try things out…
  27. … CSSW’s two-year pilot, all Students needed to attend class live, as there was…
  28. … Moore-Jager (CSSW ‘19): “Being a Student from Alaska, I was curious about…
  29. … Arthur (CSSW ‘19): “As a Student in this RLP course I was able to build relationships…
  30. … 17). Fully Integrating Distance Students Into Traditional Face-To-Face Classes…
  31. … event planners to include remote Students, alumni, and other community members…
  32. … in-class handouts with the online Students, we uploaded the documents in Canvas…
  33. … instructional time. For future Students and instructional teams, I’d actually…
  34. … thoughts about your experience as a Student in this RLP course?
  35. … were lucky to have a group of Students who were engaged in the course material…
  36. Everyone attending the class, both Students and guest speakers, were required…
  37. Online Students
  38. … the realities that exist for Students in both campuses. This relates to necessary…
  39. … included a combination of in-person Students and an online Student joining via…
  40. … we wanted to give the online Students in our management method area access to…
  41. … mix of online and residential Students. Students self-selected into groups of…
  42. … participation: Fully integrating online Students into residential classes via…
  43. … an assignment page for online Students to upload their responses (Figure 8).…
  44. … interact with a diverse group of Students from around the country (and possibly…
  45. The course included two online Students logging into the classroom via Zoom and…
  46. … pilot with online and residential Students [Manuscript submitted for publication].
  47. Online Student feedback
  48. … building relationships with online Students. It was easy to stay and chat with…
  49. … advice do you have for future Students and instructional teams in RLP courses?
  50. … professional development workshop for Students who attended in-person and online,…
  51. … recommendations, lessons learned, and Student feedback from this course.
  52. … the presentation, residential Student presenters stood in the front of the room…
  53. Tablet to lend to Students for use during breakouts
  54. … and onground (classroom-based) Students” (Beatty, 2019), CSSW’s RLP courses…

Contribute Your Hybrid-Flexible Story

  1. …need to serve both online and on ground Students with a limited set of resources…
  2. …ice, enabling them to better serve more Students, c) gain an awareness of the Hy…
  3. …ese courses, and reports results around Student participation, academic success,…

Bibliography of Hybrid-Flexible Literature (using various terms)

  1. … participation: Fully integrating online Students into residential classes via…
  2. … J. (2011). The New Blend: When Students are given the option to choose. In M.…
  3. … instructional model on attributes of Student success (Order No. 10935064). Available…
  4. … November). Blended Learning for Students with Choice: The HyFlex Course and Design…
  5. … Benefits and Challenges for Graduate Students. In R. Sharma (Ed.), Innovative…
  6. … A. M. (2018). Differences in Students’ Perceptions of the Community of Inquiry…
  7. … to HyFlex Blended Learning: A Student-centered Approach. Journal of Teaching…
  8. … between face-to-face and online Students. International Journal of Designs for learning,…
  9. … classroom: An investigation of Students’ engagement and the effect of quizzes.…
  10. … Contrasting online and on-campus Students. Online Learning and Teaching, 10,…
  11. … Stupnisky, R. H. (2017). Improving Student relatedness through an online discussion…
  12. … delivery and learning: exploring Student choice, experience, and level of satisfaction…
  13. … and Griffiths, R. P. (2013). Student Choice, Instructor Flexibility: Moving Beyond…
  14. … Design: The Advantages of Letting Students Choose the Blend. Peer-reviewed paper…
  15. … Vanderbeke, J. (2018). Multimedia Students: Engaging across platforms. An Investigation…
  16. … Inquiry into First Generation Students' Readiness for Distance Education. n.p.:…
  17. … and Program Design: Models for Student-Directed Hybrids. Paper and panel session…
  18. … Hybrid, Flexible Classes for All Students. Paper presented at the Association…
  19. … Towards Flexible Learning for Adult Students: HyFlex Design. In M. Searson &…
  20. … flexible. [What do university Students think about hybrid-flexible, or HyFlex…
  21. Beatty, B. (2009, October). Student Self-reflections on Learning in a Hybrid Course…
  22. … Wang, Z. (2019) Challenges of Student Equity and Engagement in a HyFlex Course.…
  23. … Comparative Study of University Student Learning and Satisfaction Between Traditional…
  24. … Benefits and Challenges for Graduate Students. In R. C. Sharma (Ed.), Innovative…
  25. … (2010). Assessing e-learning and Student satisfaction in a blended and flexible…
  26. … Learning Opportunities for Graduate Students withHyFlex Course Design. International…
  27. … Understanding the Needs of Adult Graduate Students: An Exploratory Case Study…
  28. … & Pascot, D. (2014). Academic Students’ Satisfaction and Learning Outcomes…
  29. … Hybrid-Flexible Course Design: Implementing Student-Directed Hybrid Classes.…

Workload

Welcome to Hybrid-Flexible Course Design!

  1. … HyFlex approaches: scheduling, Workload management, logistics and more. Chapter…

Beginnings

  1. … requirements developed to keep the Workload uniform for all students. Advantages…

Teaching a Hybrid-Flexible Course

  1. Workload
  2. Faculty will also be challenged with Workload increases associated with having t…
  3. … a multi-modal learning environment, 2) Workload, 3) student-instructor interact…
  4. There are several areas of faculty Workload that may increase, to varying extent…
  5. …to faculty to compensate for additional Workload? Some institutions may provide …
  6. …dents, however, may present significant Workload challenges as faculty new to te…

Supporting Hybrid-Flexible Courses and Programs

  1. Managing Workload Agreements
  2. …An additional advantage is that faculty Workload may be managed by assigning two…
  3. … faculty could not manage the increased Workload of reading papers or grading ex…
  4. …instructor to each section. The faculty Workload might have to be reduced for ea…
  5. …udent schedule flexibility, 3) managing Workload agreements, and 4) aligning sup…

Fitting Flexibility Across the Curriculum

  1. Faculty Workload
  2. Faculty Workload

New Technologies Deliver on the Promise of HyFlex

  1. …was less than 3 months, putting a heavy Workload on faculty and staff alike. Th…

Using HyFlex in Statistics for Engineers and (Data) Scientists

  1. Workload Creep
  2. …ust be done manually and contributes to Workload creep. Allowing the recordings …
  3. …manner, but this would contribute to “Workload creep” (addressed below). So,…

HyFlex at Montana State University Billings

  1. … our faculty’s apprehension about the Workload associated with HyFlex, includi…

Hyflex Learning within the Master of Teaching Program@KU Leuven

  1. … and 2) many teachers mention the heavy Workload and 3) the less natural way of …